Gramaticacompleta Copy

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    ACCESO A CICLO SUPERIOR

    GRAMATICA COMPLETA

    INGLS

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    CONJUGACINDELVERBOTOBEYESTRUCTURAS

    Paraaquellosparalosquesteseasuprimercontactoconelingls,oscomentarque: Primero,debisperderelmiedoaaprenderunidioma. Segundo,el inglsesun idiomamuyfcilencuantoa lagramticaserefiere,estbasadoenunaseriede

    estructuras, hay una estructura para las oraciones afirmativas, otra para las negativas y otra para lasinterrogativas, aprndete bien esas estructuras y podrs escribir oraciones bsicas, una vez que vayasadquiriendounvocabulariobsico,paralocualacostmbrateausarsiempreundiccionarioeirtraduciendotodasaquellaspalabrasquenoconozcas.

    Lostiemposverbalessonmuyfciles,nicamenteexistepresente,pasadoyfuturo. Losexmenesdeaccesoalauniversidadsiguentodoslosaosunesquema,alolargodeestecursosete

    irindicandoculesesemodelodeexameneiremospracticandocadaunadeesaspartesdedichoexamen.Paraempezarconlagramticainglesa,debemosaprenderelverboTOBE(SERYESTAR),esquizselverboms importante del ingls y debes aprenderlo de memoria. Como habrs comprobado, existe un soloverboparalosdoscorrespondientesenespaol.Conjugar en primer lugar el verbo TO BE en afirmativa, negativa e interrogativa, para luego indicarte lasdiferentesestructurasdelasqueantestehablaba.

    TOBE(SERYESTAR)

    Afirmativa Negativa InterrogativaIAM IAMNOT AMI?

    YOUARE YOUARENOT AREYOU?HEIS HEISNOT ISHE?

    SHEIS SHEISNOT ISSHE?ITIS ITISNOT ISIT?

    WEARE WEARENOT AREWE?YOUARE YOUARENOT AREYOU?THEYARE THEYARENOT ARETHEY?

    Estasson las formas completas delverboTOBE, tambin podemos utilizar las formas contractas para lasoracionesafirmativasynegativas.

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    Acontinuacinconjugardichasformas:

    Afirmativa NegativaIM IAMNOTYOURE YOUARENTHES HEISNTSHES SHEISNTITS ITISNTWERE WEARENTYOURE YOUARENTTHEYRE THEYARENT

    YahemosconjugadoelverboTOBE,esimportantequesepasqueelverboens,es:AM,ARE,IS, loqueaparecealaizquierdasonlospronombrespersonales,opronombressujeto.

    I(YO)1personasingular. You(T)2personasingular. He(L)3personamasculinosingular. She(ELLA)3personafemeninosingular. It(ELLO)3personasingular.Seutilizaparacosasyanimales. We(NOSOTROS/AS)1personaplural. You(VOSOTROS/AS)2personaplural. They(ELLOS/AS)3personaplural.

    Comoyatehabrsdadocuenta,la2personadelsingularydelpluralsoniguales,cmolasdistinguirs?Muyfcil,porelcontexto,cuandosetratedelpluraliracompaadodesustantivosenplural.Ej:Youareanurse:Teresenfermera/Youarenurses:VosotrassoisenfermerasNoexisteneninglsfrmulasdecortesayrespetocomoelUstedyUstedesdelespaol.SiempreutilizaremosYou,comoantesteheindicado,parasingularyplural.ESTRUCTURAS

    ORACIONESAFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+VERBOTOBE+COMPLEMENTOSEj:IamSpanish.Yosoyespaola

    Esmuyimportantequerecuerdesqueeninglstodaslasoracionesdebenllevarsujeto,unaoracinsinsujetoes una oracin mal construida, la razn es que los verbos no se conjugan y todas las personas tienenlamisma forma, de esta manera, a menos que coloques un sujeto, no se sabra quien realiza la accindelverbo.Elsujetopuedeserunodelospronombrespersonalesounnombrepropio.

    AnnaisEnglish.Annaesinglesa.

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    En inglesnoexistengneros,asseutiliza lamisma formaparaelmasculinoyel femenino.Compara lassiguientesfrases:

    PeterisFrench.Peteresfrancs /SusanisFrench.SusanesfrancesaORACIONESNEGATIVAS:SUJETO+VERBOTOBE+NOT+COMPLEMENTOSEj:Theyarenotteachers.Ellosnosonprofesores.MichaelisnotChinese.MichaelnoeschinoORACIONESINTERROGATIVAS:VERBOTOBE+SUJETO+COMPLEMENTOS?Ej:AreyouJapanese?Eresjapons?IsMargaretGerman?Margaretesalemana?

    RecuerdaquelosaoseninglssiempresepreguntanconelverboTOBE,esmuyimportantequerecuerdescmopreguntarlaedad.

    HOWOLDAREYOU?IAM17(Cuntosaostienes?Tengo17aos) Comohabrscomprobado,eningleselsignodeinterrogacinvasloalfinaldelaoracin,nuncaalprincipio

    comosucedeenespaol.Yahemosaprendidoapreguntaren ingls, lomsnormaleneste tipodepreguntaseshaceruna respuestacorta,veamoscmohacerlo.Respuestacortaafirmativa:Yes,Sujeto(enformadepronombre)+VerboEj:IssheItalian?Yes,sheis(Ellaesitaliana?S,siloes)

    ArePeterandPhilipPortuguese?Yes,theyareRespuestacortanegativa:No,Sujeto(pronombre)+Verbo+Not(formacontracta)Ej:Areyoudoctors?No,wearentIsJohnBritish?No,heisnt

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    PREGUNTASCONPARTCULASINTERROGATIVAS:

    QUESTIONWORD+VERBOTOBE+SUJETO+COMPLEMENTOS?Ej:Whereareyoufrom?IamfromSpainWHAT:QU?WHEN:CUNDO?WHERE:DNDE?WHY:PORQU?HOW?CMO?WHO?QUIN?HOWMUCH?CUNTO?(OBJETOSINCONTABLES)HOWMANY?CUNTO?(OBJETOSCONTABLES)WHATTIME?AQUHORA?WHOSE?DEQUIN?EJERCICIOSGivequestionsfortheseanswers:

    No,Iammarried. Sheistenyearsold. Halfpastseven. FromGermany. Itisnearthesupermarket. 91863245 Well,thankyou,andyou? Lopez. Teresa No,theyaredentists.

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    THEREIS/THEREARE:HAY

    THEREIS:SingularTHEREARE:PluralORACIONESAFIRMATIVAS:

    THEREIS/ARE+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:Thereisanewboyinmyclassroom.ORACIONESNEGATIVAS:THEREIS/ARENOT+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:Therearentbooksonthetable.ORACIONESINTERROGATIVAS:IS/ARETHERE+COMPLEMENTOS?:Ej:Isthereanemptychairhere?

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    ARTCULOS

    Eningles,igualqueenespaol,haydostiposdeartculos:A/AN:Artculoindeterminado:Un/Una/UnoSeutilizacuandoeslaprimeravezquenombramosunobjeto,nicamenteseutilizaconobjetoscontables ensingular,seutilizatantoparamasculinocomoparafemenino.Ej:Iamagirl:Soyunania /Peterisaboy:PeteresunnioUtilizamosANenlugardeAcuandolasiguientepalabraempiezaporvocal.Ej:Itisanelephant:EsunelefanteEsobligatorioelusodelartculoindeterminadodelantedelasprofesionesensingular.Ej:Janeisateacher:JaneesprofesoraTHE:Artculodeterminado:El/La/Los/LasSe utiliza con objetos contables e incontables, cuando ya hemos hablado antes de ese objeto o persona y loshablantesyasabemosaquenoestamosrefiriendo.Seutilizatantoensingularcomoenplural,masculinoyfemenino.Ej:Itisacar.Thecarisred:Esuncoche.Elcocheesrojo.TheboysareScottish:LosniossonescocesesNoutilizaremoselartculocuandonosreferimosaalgoenplural comogrupo.Orangesarefruits.Lasnaranjassonfrutas.CuandosloexisteunejemplardelobjetoalquenosreferimosutilizamoselartculoTHE.Ej:Thesun(elsol),themoon(laluna)theearth(latierra)theworld(elmundo)EJERCICIOSPutA/ANorTHEinthesesentenceswherenecessary:

    Wouldyoulikeapple? Canyouclosedoor,please? Excuseme,whereisbusstation,please? Ivegotproblem.Canyouhelpme? MysisterhasgotjobinbankinManchester Weliveinsmallflatnearcitycentre ThereissmallsupermarketatendofstreetIlivein. Sunisstar.

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    ADJETIVOS

    Losadjetivoseningls,igualquelosartculosylossustantivosnotienengnero. Nuncallevanplural,elplurallollevaelsustantivoalqueacompaan.

    PeterandHelenarehappy:PeteryHelensonfelices.Peterishappy:Peteresfeliz.

    Eladjetivosiemprevadelantedelsustantivo.TheEnglishgirlisthin:LaniainglesaesdelgadaTheredcarisnew:ElcocherojoesnuevoEJERCICIOSAhora que ya conoces el verbo TO BE, los artculos y los adjetivos, vamos a practicar lo que hemosaprendido. Traduce las siguientes frases en ingls, en afirmativa, negativa e interrogativa segn elejemplo. Utiliza eldiccionarioparalaspalabrasquenoconozcas. Elchicofrancsesalto.Afirmativa:TheFrenchboyistallNegativa: TheFrenchboyisnottallInterrogativa:IstheFrenchboytall? Loslibrosazulessonviejos. Williamesmdico. Lasmujeresespaolassonguapas. Laprofesoraesdelgada. Lacamisetaamarillaescara. Lamesagrandeesnueva.

    Lacasa

    est

    sucia.

    CompletalosespaciosdelassiguientesfrasesconlaformacorrectadelverboTOBEHellogirls:Welcometotheschool!!Let'sintroduceourteachers:ThisisJames.He............theEnglishteacherandhe...........fromEngland.ThisisRose.She............thecookandshe.............fromLondon.ThisisJohnandthisisAnne.They..........students.They............fromScotland.You.........goodstudents.

    Girls,we...........readyandIthinktheteachers............ready.Let'sbeginthelessons.

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    CONJUGACINDELVERBOTOHAVEYESTRUCTURAS

    El segundo verbo que vamos a aprender es el verbo TO HAVE (TENER), es, al igual que TO BE, un verboirregular.Lasestructurasparalasoracionesafirmativas,negativaseinterrogativassonlasmismasqueparaelverboTOBE.Conjugarenprimerlugarelverbo:TOHAVE(TENER)

    Afirmativa Negativa InterrogativaIHAVEGOT IHAVENOTGOT HAVEIGOT?

    YOUHAVEGOT YOUHAVENOTGOT HAVEYOUGOT?HEHASGOT HEHASNOTGOT HASHEGOT?

    SHEHASGOT SHEHASNOTGOT HASSHEGOT?ITHASGOT ITHASNOTGOT HASITGOT?

    WEHAVEGOT WEHAVENOTGOT HAVEWEGOT?YOUHAVEGOT YOUHAVENOTGOT HAVEYOUGOT?THEYHAVEGOT THEYHAVENOTGOT HAVETHEYGOT?LapalabraGOTnoaportaningnsignificadoalpropioverbo,sepuedeomitirenlasoracionesafirmativas.IgualqueelverboTOBEtambinelverboTOHAVEtienesuscorrespondientesformascontractas:

    Afirmativa NegativaIVE IHAVENTGOT

    YOUVE YOUHAVENTGOTHES HEHASNTGOTSHES SHEHASNTGOTITS ITHASNTGOTWEVE WEHAVENTGOTYOUVE YOUHAVENTGOTTHEYVE THEYHAVENTGOT

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    ESTRUCTURAS

    ORACIONESAFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+VERBOTOHAVE+COMPLEMENTOSEj:Ihavegotabighouse.TengounacasagrandeORACIONESNEGATIVAS:SUJETO+HAVE/HASNOTGOT+COMPLEMENTOSEj:Youhavenotgotadog:TnotienesunperroORACIONESINTERROGATIVAS:HAVE/HAS+SUJETO+GOT+COMPLEMENTOS?Ej:HaveyougotanAmericanfriend?TienesunamigoAmericano?

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    EJERCICIOSA)CompletethesentenceswithTOBEorTOHAVE:

    1. Where-------------youfrom?2. Robert-------------anapple.3. Anna------------twentynineyearsold.4. They-----------cold.5. He---------------achocolateicecream.6. There-------------abookonthetable.7. AFord---------asmallcarbutit---------fourdoors.8. -----------thereanypeoplefromGermanyintheclass?9. Silvia------------veryyoung.

    10. There------------somebeerinthefridge.B)Findtherightanswersforthesequestions:

    1)Whereisthecamera? A)London.2)Isyourcarblue? B)No,Iamnot.3)IsLindafromLondon? C)Yes,youare.4)AmIlate? D)Mysister.5)WhereisAnnfrom? E)Black6)Whatcolourisyourbag? F)Inyourbag.7)Areyouhungry? G)No,itsblack.8)HowisGeorge? H)No,sheisAmerican.9)Whoisthatwoman? I)Verywell.

    C)Writethequestions:(Readtheanswersfirst)(name)--------------------------------------------------------Paul.(marriedorsingle)----------------------------------------Iammarried.(American)--------------------------------------------------No,ImAustralian.(howold)----------------------------------------------------Im30.(ateacher)----------------------------------------------------No,Imalawyer.(wifealawyer)----------------------------------------------No,sheisadesigner.(from)----------------------------------------------------------SheisItalian.(hername)---------------------------------------------------Anna.(howold)-----------------------------------------------------Sheis27.

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    ADJETIVOS/PRONOMBRESDEMOSTRATIVOS:

    SINGULAR:THIS:ESTE/ESTA/ESTO:(Parareferirseaobjetoscercanosalhablante)THAT:ESE/ESA/ESO/AQUEL/AQUELLA/AQUELLO(Objetosqueestnlejosdelapersonaquehabla)PLURAL:THESE:ESTOS/ESTAS(Objetoscercanos)THOSE:ESOS/ESAS/AQUELLOS/AQUELLAS(Objetoslejanos)ADJETIVOSYPRONOMBRES

    P.Personales A.Posesivos P.Posesivos P.ObjetoI MY MINE ME

    YOU YOUR YOURS YOUHE HIS HIS HIM

    SHE HER HERS HERIT ITS ----- IT

    WE OUR OURS USYOU YOUR YOURS YOU

    THEY THEIR THEIRS THEMPronombrespersonales: Losusaremosnicamentecomosujetodelaoracin.Ej:IamAmericanbutheisItalian.Adjetivosposesivos:Seutilizanparaexpresarposesin,quineselpropietariodelosobjetossiempredelantedeunsustantivo/nombre.

    Ej:Myhouseisverybigbutourroomisverysmall.Pronombresposesivos:Seutilizanparaindicarquineseldueodealgo,sustituyenalsustantivo/nombre.Puedenfuncionarcomosujeto.Ej:Whoseisthiscar?Itsmine.Pronombresobjeto:Funcionancomocomplementodirectooindirectodelverbodelaoracin.Cadavezqueaparezcaunpronombreenunaoracinquenoseasujetodelafrase.Detrsdeunapreposicinsiempreutilizamosestetipodepronombres.

    Ej:DidyouseePeter?Yes,IsawhimlastweekbutIdidnttalktohim.

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    EJERCICIOSA)Completethesentenceswith HIS/HER/THEIR

    1. IsawLizwith----------husband,Philip.2. IsawAnnandTedwith---------children.3. IsawTedwith---------wife,Ann.4. IsawGeorgewith-----------brother,Bill.5. IsawAnnwith-------------brother,Bill.6. IsawLizandPhilipwith--------son,Bill.7. IsawAnnwith-----------parents.8. IsawDianaandRobertwith---------parents.

    B) Fill in the blanks with the following subject pronouns and possessive adjectives: I/YOU/HE/SHE/IT/MY/YOUR/HIS/HER/THEIR/YOUR:

    1. AreyouMaryLewis?Yes,----------am.2. SheisfromSpain.--------nameisCarmen.3. HeisfromJapan,---------nameisPaulWatanabe.4. AreyouItalian?No,---------amGreek.5. IsyournameJohn?No,--------isnt.6. --------nameisAlice,----------amadentist.7. Monicaand----------motheraredoctors.8. PhilipisFrenchbut----------wifeisGerman.9. GeorgeandKarenareBritish,---------daughterismarriedtoanAmerican.10. Annisaphotographerand----------brotherisateacher.11. Mysisterand---------areAmericanbut---------parentsareGreek.12. Henrysmotherisashopassistant,----------nameisLucy.13. AliceandBillaredoctorsand----------sonisastudent.14. Thisis----------brotherJohnandthisis-----------room.

    C) Fillinthegaps.Usethepersonalpronounsandpossessiveadjectives.Melinda is anEnglish girl. ------------ lives in abeautiful house on theoutskirts ofReading. --------abit far from theschool. -------- mother takes her there by car every morning because -------- works in a hospital nearby. In theafternoon,afterschool,Melindagoesbackhomebybus.-------classmatesJeffreyandDavidgobackwithher.-------are--------neighbours.

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    D)Choosetherightword:1. Itstheir/theirsproblem,notour/ours.2. Thisisanicecamera.Isityour/yours?3. Thatsnotmy/mineumbrella.My/Mineisblack.4. Whosebooksarethese?Your/Yoursormy/mine?5. Catherineisgoingoutwithher/hersfriendsthisevening.6. My/mineroomisbiggerthanher/hers7. TheyhavegottwochildrenbutIdontknowtheir/theirsnames8. Canweuseyourwashingmachine?Our/Oursisbroken

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    GENITIVOSAJON

    Otraformadeexpresarposesineninglseselgenitivosajn,conlindicaremosquineselposeedorodueodealgnobjeto,siemprequeesteposeedorseaunapersonaounanimal.Lacasa de lania ThegirlshousePosesin PoseedorFormamoselgenitivosajn:

    Elposeedorapareceenprimerlugar,alnombrepropioleaadimosunapstrofe yunas S. Acontinuacin, aadimos laposesin, entre elposeedory laposesin no puede aparecer ningn artculo

    posesivo o preposicin. Si el poseedor es un nombre propio, no utilizamos artculo, si es un nombrecomnpodemosutilizarartculosaadjetivosposesivos.Mybrothersroom.(Lahabitacindemihermano)Thecatseyes.(Losojosdelgato)

    Siempre utilizamos el genitivo sajn para expresar relaciones de parentesco o vnculos familiares. En este caso,lapersona irenprimer lugar,comoposeedor,yacontinuacinelparentescoque lesune. (ObservaqueJuanesun nombre propio y por tanto no hay artculo delante del nombre, entre Juan y sister no hay ningn artculo nipreposicin)

    Juanssister(LahermanadeJuan)Petersparents.(LospadresdePeter)

    Cuandonohayposesin,relacinfamiliar,oelposeedornoesnipersonanianimal,utilizamoslaexpresinOF(DE)(elposeedorseraunacosaounlugar)

    ThedoorOFtheroom(Lapuertadelahabitacin)

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    FAMILY:RELATIVES

    GRANDPARENTS:GrandfatherGrandmother(abuelos:abuelo/a)PARENTS:FatherMother(Padres:padre/madre)CHILDREN:SonDaughter(Hijos:hijo/a)

    Brother/Sister(Hermano/a)Uncle/Aunt/Cousin(Tio/a/primo/a)Nephew/Niece(Sobrino/a)Husband/Wife(Marido/mujer)

    GRANDCHILDREN:GrandsonGranddaughter(Nietos:Nieto/a)FAMILYTREE

    WILLIAM+JANE

    PAUL+MAGGY ANNE LISA+HENRYJohn,Mary Susan,Richard

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    EJERCICIOS:A) CompletethefollowingexercisebyusingtheSaxongenitive:Ej:WilliamisJANESHUSBAND.(JANE)

    1. WilliamandJaneare-------------------------------------(LISA)2. Paulis---------------------------------------------------------(LISA)3. Lisais----------------------------------------------------------(HENRY)4. Paulis---------------------------------------------------------(WILLIAM)5. JohnandMaryare------------------------------------------(MAGGY)6. JohnandMaryare-----------------------------------------(WILLIAM)7. Maryis---------------------------------------------------------(ANNE)8. Richardis------------------------------------------------------(ANNE)9. Anneis----------------------------------------------------------(SUSAN)10. Paulis-----------------------------------------------------------(SUSAN)11. Johnis-----------------------------------------------------------(SUSAN)12. Lisais------------------------------------------------------------(SUSAN)13. Maryis-----------------------------------------------------------(JANE)14. Anneis-----------------------------------------------------------(LISA)15. Maryis-----------------------------------------------------------(MAGGY)

    B) RewritethefollowingsentencesbyusingtheSaxongenitive.Ej:Thegirlhasaprettydress.Thegirlsdressispretty.

    1. Themanhaswhitehair.--------------------------------------iswhite.2. Maryhasredshoes.--------------------------------------------arered.3. Thekinghasabeautifulpalace.----------------------------isbeautiful.4. Alicehasanewbicycle.---------------------------------------isnew.5. Thecathasgreeneyes.----------------------------------------aregreen.6. Mydoghasalongtail.-----------------------------------------islong.7. Themenhavelonghair.---------------------------------------islong.

    C) Translatethefollowingsentences:1. EstelhermanodePedroenlacocina?No,noest.2. LacasadePaulesmuybonita.3. EsteeselcochedeBillyyaqueleseldeMary.4. Dndeestlacervezadetuabuelo?Estenlacocina.5. ElmaridodeSusaneselpadredeRobert.6. Hoyeselcumpleaosdemimadre.

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    TIEMPOSVERBALES

    PRESENTE

    PRESENTECONTINUO: SeformaconelVERBOTOBE+VERBOPRINCIPAL+ING

    Seutiliza

    para

    expresar

    acciones

    que

    se

    estn

    realizando

    en

    este

    momento,

    en

    el

    momento

    en

    que

    estamos

    hablando,operiodosdetiempoqueannohanterminado(TODAY,THISWEEK)

    VaacompaadodeexpresionesdetiempocomoNOW,ATTHEMOMENT,ATPRESENT.ESTRUCTURAS:O.AFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+TOBE+VB+ING+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:IamlearningEnglishatthemoment.O.NEGATIVAS:SUJETO+TOBE+NOT+VB+ING+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:WearenotlearningChinesethisyear.O.INTERROGATIVAS:(WH-WORD)+VBTOBE+SUJETO+VB+ING+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:AreyoulearningItaliannow?Whatareyoudoing?

    (Observa que he colocado entre parntesis la wh- Word, puesto que no siempre la necesitaremos para hacerpreguntas)INGSPELLING:

    VerbosqueacabanenE:PierdelaEyaadimosing:MakeMaking VerbosqueacabanenIE: IEsetransformaenY,aadimosing:Die_Dying Verbosdeunaslabaformadaporconsonantevocalconsonante:Doblanlaltimaconsonanteyaaden

    ing:PutPutting VerbosqueacabanenYyW:MantienenYyWyaadening:Enjoy-enjoying,snowsnowing.

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    EJERCICIOSA) Whatshappeningatthemoment?WriteTRUEsentences:

    I/wash/myhair.Iamnotwashingmyhair. It/snow. I/sit/onachair I/eat It/rain I/learn/English I/listen/tomusic Thesun/shine I/wear/shoes I/read/anewspaper

    B) Writequestionsfromthesewords.Useisorareandputthewordsinorder.1. working/Paul/today?IsPaulworkingtoday?2. What/doing/thechildren?3. You/listening/tome?4. Where/going/yourfriends?5. Yourparents/television/watching?6. What/cooking/Ann?7. Why/you/lookingatme?8. Coming/thebus?

    PRESENTESIMPLE:Seutiliza paraexpresar acciones que se realizan habitualmente, accionesque realizamos todos los das. Rutinas,hbitos.

    UtilizaremoselverboauxiliarTODO,paralasoracionesnegativaseinterrogativas.(DOESPARALA3PERSONA)Lasoraciones afirmativas nonecesitan auxiliar,sin embargo aadiremos una Salverbo en la tercera persona delsingular.

    Suele ir acompaado de expresiones de tiempo como EVERYDAY y adverbios de frecuencia como ALWAYS,USUALLY,OFTEN,SOMETIMES,NEVER.ESTRUCTURAS:O.AFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+VERBO+COMPLEMENTOSEj:Iplayfootballeveryday.*RecuerdaaadirlaSalverboenla3personadelsingular,nicamenteenlasoracionesafirmativas.Ej:Healwaysdrinkscoffeeforbreakfast.

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    O.NEGATIVAS:SUJETO+DONT/DOESNT+VERBO+COMPLEMENTOSEj:YoudontspeakSpanish

    Hedoesntplaythepiano.*ComoversnohemosaadidoSenla3persona,yaquetenemoselauxiliarDOESqueyanosesa3persona.O.INTERROGATIVAS:DO/DOES+SUJETO+VERBO+COMPLEMENTOS?Ej:Doyoulikechocolate?

    DoesshereadFrenchbooks?*La respuestacortaparaestaspreguntasse formaconelsujeto,en formadepronombre+elverboauxiliarDO /DOES

    Ej:DoyouliveinMadrid?Yes,IdoDoesitrainhere?No,itdoesnt.

    ADVERBIOSDEFRECUENCIA:ALWAYS:SIEMPREOFTEN:AMENUDONEVER:NUNCAUSUALLY:NORMALMENTESOMETIMES:AVECES

    Tienenunaposicinfijadentrodelasoraciones:Siempresecolocandelantedelverboprincipal,exceptoconelverboTOBE,conelquevandetrs.Ej:Inevergetuplate

    Heisalwayshappy.

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    EJERCICIOSA) CompletaelsiguienteartculoperiodsticosobreLordStonebury.UtilizaPRESENTESIMPLE.Todos losverboshandeserafirmativos.Recuerdala3personadelsingular.Debesutilizartodoslosverbosquetedoyacontinuacin.Enalgunoscasoshandeusarsemsdeunavez(talycomoteindicoentreparntesis).Buscaen

    eldiccionarioaquellosverbosquenoconozcas.Go(4)/have(3)/live(2)/get/ meet/own/play/read/spend/talkLordStoneburyis28yearsold.He---------------inBelgravia,inLondonsWestEnd.Heisveryrichandhe----------thecompany Office Blocks International. Every morning the young Lord ---------------breakfast in bed and ------------- thenewspapers.He------------upat10oclockandusually----------forawalkinHydePark.He-------------lunchathisclub.He sometimes --------------the Directors OBI, and they ---------- about the companys plans. In the afternoon LordStonebury and his friends sometimes ------------- golf. Then they --------- for a few drinks. Or sometimes he and agirlfriend-----------foradriveinhissportscar.AfterdinnerLordStonebury----------toanightcluboracasinowithoneof

    hisgirlfriends.They------------homeatabout2oclock.InthewintertheyoungLord-------------inMonteCarlo.Andhe-----------hissummerholidaysintheWestIndies.B) Write sentences from these words: Put the verbs in the right form (arrive or arrives?). Be careful withfrequencyadverbs.

    1. always/early/Sue/arrive2. basketball/I/play/often3. work/Margaret/hard/usually4. Jenny/always/nice/wear/clothes5. dinner/we/have/always/at7.306. like/chocolate/children/usually7. Julia/parties/enjoy/always

    C) Writequestions:Usethewordsinbrackets+DO/DOES.Putthewordsintherightorder.1. where/live/yourparents?2. you/early/always/getup?3. howoften/TV/you/watch?4. you/want/what/fordinner?5. like/you/football?6. yourbrother/like/football?7. what/you/do/intheevening?8. yoursister/work/where?9. tothecinema/often/you/go?10.

    go

    /usually

    /to

    bed

    /what

    time

    /you

    ?

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    D) Choosetherightanswer:Simplepresentorpresentcontinuous?1) Listen!Someone-------------------theviolin.Canyouhearit?

    a)plays b)isplaying2) Helenisamusician.She-------------theviolininanorchestra.

    a)plays b)isplaying3) He-------------veryhardnow.Hisexamsareverynext.

    a)works b)isworking4) Can Iphoneyouback?----------------dinneratthemoment.

    a)have b)amhaving5) Kim---------------inabank.Shehasworkedtherefor20years.

    a)works b)isworking6) WhereisJohn?---------------thedinner?

    a)doeshecook b)ishecooking7) Look!Wecantplaytennis.It-------------

    a)rains b)israining8) Bob-----------------meat.Heisavegetarian.

    a)doesnteat b)isnteat.E) Simplepresentorpresentcontinuous?

    YoucantseeTomnow.He(have)--------------abath. Heusually(speak)----------------soquicklythatI(notunderstand)----------him. How(youusuallydo)-------------------towork. He(work)-------------------atpresetinanoffice. Thebaby(cry)-------------------Givehimsomefood. What(hedo)---------------------.He(repair)-------------hisbicycle. What(hedo)----------------------.Heisapilot. Stella (usually stay)------------- in a hotel when she (come)-------------to London, but this week she (stay)

    -----------------withus. What(yourwifedo)------------------?Sheisanursebutshe(notwork)--------------atthemoment. Look!Thetrain(come)-----------------------

    F) Choosethecorrectverbforms: Stanhave/hasbreakfastathalfpastseven. Karendoesnothave/hasbreakfast. HowdoesKarengo/goestowork? Stango/goestoworkbybus. Myfatherwork/worksinCardiff Hedoesnotlike/likestravelling Hegetup/getsupatsixoclockeveryday. Myparentslive/livesinabighouse. Whatdoesyourfatherdo/does?

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    StanandKarenlive/livesinOxford.PASADO

    PASADODELVERBOTOBEAFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA

    IWAS IWASNOT(WASNT) WASI?IWERE IWERENOT(WERENT) WEREI?HEWAS HEWASNOT(WASNT) WASHE?

    SHEWAS SHEWASNOT (WASNT) WASSHE?ITWAS ITWASNOT(WASNT) WASIT?

    WEWERE WEWERENOT(WERENT) WEREWE?YOUWERE YOUWERENOT(WERENT) WEREYOU?THEYWERE THEYWERENOT(WERENT) WERETHEY?

    *AparececonexpresionesdetiempocomoYESTERDAY,LASTWEEK,LASTMONTH,LASTYEAR.ESTRUCTURAS:O.AFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+ VERBOTOBE+COMPLEMENTOSEj:IwasinEnglandlastmonth.O.NEGATIVAS:SUJETO+VERBOTOBE+NOT+COMPLEMENTOSEj:IwasnotinGermanylastmonth.O.INTERROGATIVAS:VERBOTOBE+SUJETO+COMPLEMENTOS?Ej:WereyouinJapanlastmonth?

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    EJERCICIOSA) CompletethefollowingsentenceswithAM/IS/ARE/WAS/WERE

    1. Lastyearshe---------22,soshe---------now.2. Todaytheweather---------nice,butyesterdayit---------verycold.3. I-----------hungry.CanIhaveasandwich?4. IfeelfinethismorningbutI------------verytiredlastnight.5. Where---------youat11oclocklastFridaymorning?6. Dontbuythoseshoes.They--------veryexpensive.7. ThistimelastyearI----------inParis.8. Where---------thechildren?Idontknow.They----------inthegardentenminutesago.

    B)Writequestions:Usethewordsinbracketsinthecorrectorder+wasandwere.1. late/you/thismorning/why?Thetrafficwasbad.2. difficult/yourexam?No,itwaseasy.3. lastweek/where/AnnandChris?Theywereonholiday.4. yournewcamera/howmuch?60$5. angry/you/yesterday/why?Becauseyouwerelate.6. nice/theweather/lastweek?Yes,itwasbeautiful.

    PASADOSIMPLE:Seutilizaparaexpresaraccionespuntualesenelpasado.AparececonexpresionescomoYESTERDAY,LASTWEEK...NecesitamoselverboauxiliarDIDparalasoracionesnegativaseinterrogativas.Existendostiposdeverboseningls:Verbosregularesyverbos irregulares.Losverbosregularesformanelpasadoaadiendo ED al infinitivo. Los verbos irregulares tienen una forma especial para el pasado (2 columna de losverbosirregulares).ESTRUCTURAS:O.AFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+VERBOPASADO+COMPLEMENTOS.Ej:IplayedtennislastSaturday.

    IwenttothecinemalastSunday.*Lasoracionesafirmativassonlasnicasquellevanelverboenpasado,yaquenoutilizamosverboauxiliar.O.NEGATIVAS:SUJETO+DIDNOT(DIDNT)+VBINFINITIVO+COMPLEMENTOSEj:IdidntplaytennislastSaturday.

    IdidntgotothecinemalastSunday.O.INTERROGATIVAS:DID+SUJETO+VBINFINITIVO+COMPLEMENTOS?

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    Ej:DidyouplaytennislastSaturday?DidyougotothecinemalastSunday?

    EJERCICIOSA) Completethesentences:Useoneoftheseverbsinthepastsimple:Clean die enjoy finish happen open rain start stay want1)I-----------------myteeththreetimesyesterday.2) Itwashotintheroom,soI-------------thewindow.3) Theconcert------------at7.30and--------------at10oclock.4) WhenIwasachildI--------------tobeadoctor.5) Theaccident----------------lastSundayafternoon.6) Itsanicedaytodaybutyesterdayit-------------allday.7) We------------ourholidaylastyear.We-----------ataveryniceplace.8) Annsgrandfather------------whenhewas90yearsold.B) WriteBsquestions:Useoneoftheseverbsinthepastsimple:Arrive cost go gotobedlate haveanicetime stay win1) A)WewenttoNewYorklastmonth.

    B)Where-------------------------------------?A)Withsomefriends.

    2) A)Iwaslatethismorning.B)Whattime---------------------------------?A)Halfpastnine.

    3) A)Iplayedtennisthisafternoon.B)--------------------------------------------?A)No,Ilost.

    4) A)Ihadaniceholiday.B)Good.Where---------------------------------?A)Tothemountains.

    5 A)Wecamehomebytaxi.B)Howmuch-------------------------------------?A)10$

    6) A)Imtiredthismorning.B) -----------------------------------------------------?A)No,butIdidntsleepwell.

    7) A)Wewenttothebeachyesterday.B) ----------------------------------------------------------?A)

    Yes,

    itwas

    great.

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    PASADOCONTINUO: SeformaconelpasadodelverboTOBE+Verboprincipalconing. Seutilizaparaexpresaraccionesquesehandesarrolladoduranteunperiodolargodetiempoenelpasado. Suelecombinarseconelpasadosimpledentrode lamismaoracin, laaccindelverboquevaenpasado

    continuo es la que estaba teniendo lugar cuando se ve interrumpida por una segunda accin enpasadosimple.

    Ej:IwaswatchingTVwhenthetelephonerang.Pastcontinuous Pastsimple

    ESTRUCTURAS:O.AFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+WAS/WERE+VBING+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:Iwashavingabathwhenmyfathercamein.

    (Estababandomecuandomipadreentr)O.NEGATIVAS:SUJETO+WASNT/WERENT+VBING+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:Iwasntdrivingveryfastwhentheaccidenthappened.

    (Noestabaconduciendomuyrpidocuandoocurrielaccidente)O.INTERROGATIVAS:WAS/WERE+SUJETO+VBING+COMPLEMENTOS?Ej:WereyoustudyingwhenIknockedonthedoor?

    (Estabasestudiandocuandollamalapuerta?)EJERCICIOSA) Puttheverbintothepastcontinuousorpastsimple:1) A)What(youdo)---------------whenthephone(ring)----------------?

    B)I(watch)-------------------TV.2) A)WasJanebusywhenyouwenttoseeher?

    B) Yes,she(study)-------------------3) A)Whattime(thepostarrive)-------------------------thismorning?

    B) It(come)--------------------whileI(have)-----------------breakfast.4) A)Howfast (youdrive)---------------------whenthepolice(stop)--------------------------you?

    B)IdontknowexactlybutI (notdrive)----------------veryfast.5) A)(yousee)-----------------Jennylastnight?

    B)Yes,she(wear)---------------- averynicejacket.

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    B) Writecompletesentences,oneoftheverbinpastsimple,theotheroneinpastcontinuous.1. I/walk/home/when/it/start/torain2. Cora/read/aletter/when/Jimmy/phone/her3. Andy/comeout/oftherestaurant/when/he/see/Jenny4. Cathy/phone/thepostoffice/whentheparcel/arrive5. WhenDon/arrive/we/have/coffee6. Whilehe/walk/inthemountains/Henry/see/abear7. Thestudents/play/agame/when/theprofessor/arrive8. I/walk/tothepark/whenit/start/tosnow

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    COMPARATIVESANDSUPERLATIVES

    COMPARATIVODEIGUALDAD:TAN.COMOAS +ADJETIVO+ASEj:PeterisastallasPaul.(PeterestanaltocomoPaul)*Siemprequelasegundapartedelacomparacinseaunpronombre,estedebeaparecerenlaformadepronombreobjeto.

    Ej:Sarahisasthinashim.COMPARATIVODESUPERIORIDAD:MS.QUE-Adjetivosdedosslabasomenos.

    ADJETIVO+ER+THANEj:JohnistallerthanPaul(JohnesmsaltoquePaul)-Adjetivosdemsdedosslabas.MORE+ADJETIVO+THANEj:SusanismoreintelligentthanMary.(SusanesmsinteligentequeMary)SUPERLATIVO:ELMS/LAMS.-Adjetivosdedosslabasomenos.THEADJETIVO+ESTEj:Heisthetallestboy(Elniomsalto)*Siqueremos indicarenque lugareselquedestacaeseadjetivoalqueestamosrefirindonosengradosuperlativoutilizaremoslapreposicinINTHE,siesunaexpresindetiempoutilizaremosOFTHE.Ej.Susanisthethinnestgirlintheschool.

    Thisisthehappiestdayofmylife.-Adjetivosdemsdedosslabas:THEMOST+ADJETIVOEj:Peteristhemostintelligentstudentintheclassroom.

    Todayisthemostimportantdayoftheyear.

    ADJETIVOSIRREGULARESGood Better TheBestBad Worse TheWorst

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    Far Farther/Further TheFarthest/thefurthestEJERCICIOSA) Putthefollowingadjectivesinthecomparativeorsuperlativeform:

    1. Theweathertodayis(warm)----------------thanyesterday.2. Johnscarwas(expensive)-----------------thanmycar.3. Sarahisthe(pretty)--------------girlIhaveevermet.4. Theseexercisesare(difficult)----------------thansomeoftheothers.5. Thisbookis(good)------------------thanthelastoneweused.6. Kateisthe(careful)----------------studentintheclass.7. Billis(intelligent)------------------thanJoe.8. Myhouseis(bad)-----------------thanhis.9. Johnscaris(comfortable)------------intown.10. Jeffis(unpleasant)-------------------thanmybrother.

    B) Finishthesecondsentenceinsuchawaythatitmeansexactlythesameasthesentenceprintedbeforeit.Followtheexample.1)Applesaremoreexpensivethanpears.Pearsarecheaperthanapples.2)Hiscarisntasgoodasmine.Mycaris3)KatiesingsbetterthanJane.Janesings4)Jillis25yearsold.Garyis23.Jillis5)Mycameracost100$.Yourcameracost96$.Mycamerais6)Todaythetemperatureis12degrees.Yesterdayitwas10.Its

    7)Thefilmis3hoursbutthevideotapeisonly2hours.Thefilmis8)Thewatercolouris85$andtheoilpaintingis100$.Theoilpaintingis9)Thechurchwasbuiltin1878andthelibraryis1925.Thechurchis10)Timis1.6metrestallbutWendyis1.7metres.Wendyis

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    PREPOSITIONS

    PREPOSICIONESDETIEMPO:

    IN:

    ON:

    AT:

    Conpartesdelda:Inthemorning,intheafternoon,intheevening Conmeses:InJanuary,inFebruary Conlasestacionesdelao:Inwinter,inspring. Conaos:In1987 Consiglos:Inthe18th century Conlosdasdelasemana:OnMonday,onTuesday.. Confechas:On2ndofMay Condasypartesdelda:OnWednesdayafternoon. Onholidays.

    Conlashoras:At7oclock AtChristmas,atEaster Atnight Attheweekend Atthebeginning,attheend.

    EJERCICIOSA)CompletethefollowingsentenceswithIN;ON;AT

    1. WewatchTV---------theevening.2. Ionlyseemyparents--------Christmas.3. Igetup--------8oclockandgotobed---------midnight.4. Ifinishworkearly---------Friday.5. WegotoParis---------autumn.6. -------themorningshegoestoworkbybus.7. --------SundaystherearetwoflightsfromLondontoMadrid.Theyare-------7.45-------themorningand--------

    20.30------theevening.8. Whatdoyoudo--------theweekends?

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    9. Mygrandfatherwasborn--------the19thcentury.OTRASPREPOSICIONESDETIEMPO:

    BEFORE:ANTESAFTER:DESPUESUNTIL:HASTADURING:DURANTE(DURING+SUSTANTIVOS:SeutilizaconexpresionesquerespondanalapreguntaWHEN?.Ej:Duringthesummer,duringNovemberFOR:DURANTE(DURING+NMEROS+PERIODOSDETIEMPO:SeutilizaconexpresionesquerespondanalapreguntaHOWLONG?.Ej:Forsixmonths,forfiveminutes.SINCE:DESDEFROM..TO:DESDE.HASTA: Seutilizatantocomopreposicindetiempocomodelugar.Ej:IlivedinLondonfrom1987to1989.

    ThereisonetrainfromMadridtoValenciaat7oclock.PREPOSICIONESDELUGAR:

    IN:EN/DENTRODE:ConlugarescerradosEj:MycoatisinthewardrobeAT:EN:Seutilizaparaespaciosabiertos,comoreferenciageogrficaEj:Therearenewtrafficlightsatthecrossroads.ON:EN/ENCIMA(Tocandolasuperficie)Ej:Therearepicturesonthewall.EJERCICIOSA)NowfillinthegapswithIN;ON;AT

    1. Haveyougotanelectricblanket-----------yourbed?Iveonlygotahot-waterbottle---------mine.2. Insummer,therearealwaysflies--------thekitchenceiling.3. Shespentthedaysunbathing--------theswimmingpool.4. ScottfoundsNorwegianflag-----------theSouthPole.5. Therearethousandsoffish---------thelake.6. Theresapolicemanstanding--------thecorner.7.

    You

    have

    to

    get

    off

    ----------

    the

    next

    stop.

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    8. Thecoffeepotis---------thetable.9. Therearentenoughchairs--------thediningroom.10. Therearepleasuresteamers----------thelake.

    OTRASPREPOSICIONESDELUGAR:

    NEXTTO:ALLADODECLOSETO:JUNTOANEAR:CERCADEFAR(AWAYFROM):LEJOSDEBEHIND:DETRSINFRONTOF:DELANTEDEOPPOSITE:ENFRENTEDEOVER:ENCIMADE(Sintocarlasuperficie)UNDER:DEBAJODEINSIDE: DENTRO DEOUTSIDE:FUERADEBETWEEN:ENTREATHOME:ENCASA.Ej:Idontgoout,Istayathome.INBED:ENLACAMAGOHOME,GETHOME,COMEHOME,REACHHOME,ARRIVEHOME(ObservaquenoutilizamospreposicionesconlapalabraHOMEacompaadadeverbosdemovimiento).ARRIVE:

    ARRIVEIN:Llegarapaises,ciudades....Ej:IarrivedinLondon.ARRIVEAT:LLegaraespacioscerrados:estaciones,museos,Aeropuertos....Ej:Iarrivedattheairport

    EXPRESINDECANTIDAD:

    SOME:Algn,alguna,algunos,algunas.Seutilizaenoracionesafirmativas.Acompaaanombresincontables(singular)ynombrescontablesenplural.Ej:Thereissomewaterinthefridge

    Therearesomenewstudentsintheschool.ANY:Algn/a/os/as,ningn/a/os/as.

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    Seutilizaenoracionesnegativaseinterrogativas.Acompaaanombresincontables(singular)ynombrescontables(plural)Ej:Thereisntanyapplejuiceinthecupboard.

    Haveyou gotanyfriends?SOMEenoracionesinterrogativas:AunqueheindicadoanteriormentequeutilizamosANYenoracionesinterrogativas,existenalgunasexcepcionesenlasqueutilizamosSOMEparahacerpreguntas:

    Cuandoestamosofreciendoalgo:Ej:Wouldyoulikesomecoffee? Cuandopedimosalgo:Ej:CanIhavesomewater,please?

    EJERCICIOS:A)PutinSOMEorANY:

    1. Ibought----------cheesebutIdidntbuy---------bread.2. Imgoingtothepostoffice.Ineed-----------stamps.3. Therearent-----------shopsinthispartoftown.4. GeorgeandAlicehaventgot------------children.5. Haveyougot----------brothersofsisters?6. Thereare------------beautifulflowersinthegarden.7. Wouldyoulike-----------tea?Yes,please.8. Dontbuy-------------rice.Wedontneed---------9. Iwentouttobuy--------milkbuttheydidnthave---------intheshop.10. Imthirsty.CanIhave-------------water,please?

    MUCH:MUCHO:NOMBRESINCONTABLES(Noseutilizahabitualmenteenoracionesafirmativas)Ej:Ihaventgotmuchmoney.

    MANY:MUCHO:NOMBRESCONTABLES.(Seutilizaentodotipodeoraciones)Ej:Ihavegotmanybooks.

    TOOMUCH/TOOMANY:DEMASIADOHOWMUCH/HOWMANY?CUNTOS?ALOTOF:MUCHO:CONTABLESEINCONTABLES:

    (Seutilizaentodotipodeoraciones)LITTLE:POCO:NOMBRESINCONTABLES.A

    LITTLE:

    ALGO,

    POCO

    PERO

    SUFICIENTE.

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    FEW:POCO:NOMBRESCONTABLES.AFEW:ALGO,POCOPEROSUFICIENTE.EJERCICIOSA)PutMUCHorMANYinthespaces:

    1. Thereissomefood,butnot---------drink.2. Therewasnt-------------rainlastmonth.3. Doestheteacherspeak----------languages?4. Idontput-----------sugarinmytea.5. Apoorwomancantbuy----------dresses.6. Thatoldmanhasntgot------------hair.7. Icantsee-------------birdsonthetrees.8. Mymotherdidntbuy---------eggs.9. Thereisnt---------milkinthisbottle.10. Didyoulearn---------Englishwordslastyear?

    B) PutALITTLEorAFEWinthespaces:1. Couldyoupossiblelendme-----------potatoesuntiltomorrow?2. Haveyougot---------------minutes?Idliketotalktoyou.3. Ineed-----------money.Canyouhelpme?4. ImgoingtoFrancefor-----------daysnextweek.5. -----------peoplearrivedbeforethepartystarted,butnotmany.6. Weonlyhave-------------petrolleft.7. CanIaskyou------------questions?8. Thebankonlylentme--------------money.9. Only-----------studentsaregoingtofailtheexam.10. Ialwaysput-------------milkinmytea.

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    VERBTENSES:

    PRESENTPERFECT: SeformaconelverboTOHAVE(quefuncionacomo verboauxiliar)+elparticipiodepasadodelverboprincipal.

    (Recuerdaquehaydos tiposdeverbosen ingls:verbos regulares,que formanelparticipioaadiendoedalinfinitivo,yverbosirregulares,enestecasoelparticipiodepasadoeslaterceracolumnadelalistadeverbos.

    Seutilizaparaexpresaraccionesqueempezaronenelpasadoycontinanenelpresente,osibienlaaccinyahaacabado,elresultadodelamismalovemosenelpresente.

    ESTRUCTURAS:

    O.AFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+HAVE/HAS+PARTICIPIOPASADOVB+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:Iworkinabank.Ihaveworkedtherefor10years.

    (Trabajoenunbanco.Hetrabajadoalldurante10aos)O.NEGATIVAS:SUJETO+HAVENT/HASNT +PART.PASADOVB+COMPLEMENTOSEj:Sheisreadingabook.Shehasntfinishedityet.

    (Ellaestleyendounlibro.Nolohaterminadotodava)O.INTERROGATIVAS:HAVE/HAS+SUJETO+PART.PASADOVB+COMPLEMENTOS?Ej:HaveyoueverbeentoLondon?

    (HasestadoalgunavezenLondres?)SueleaparecerconexpresionesdetiempocomoSINCE,FOR(EnrespuestaapreguntasconHOWLONG?)Ej:Ihaveworkedheresince1976Howlonghaveyoumethim?Ihavemethimforseveralyears.OtrasexpresionesdetiempoqueaparecenconelPRESENTPERFECT:JUST:ACABODESeutilizaenoracionesafirmativasyvacolocadodelantedelverboprincipal.Ej:HaveyouseenPaul?Hehasjustarrived(HasvistoaPaul?Acabadellegar.ALREADY:YASeutilizaenoracionesafirmativasyvacolocadodelantedelverboprincipal:Ej:WouldyouliketoseeTitanic?Imsorry,Ivealreadyseenit.(TegustaraverTitanic?Losiento,yalahevisto)YET:TODAVIANOSeutilizaenoracionesnegativas,yvacolocadoalfinaldelaoracin:Ej:Haveyoureadthebook?No,Imsorry,Ihaventstartedityet.

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    (Hasledoellibro?No,losiento,noloheempezadotodava.EVER:ALGUNAVEZ?Seutilizaenoracionesinterrogativas,vacolocadodelantedelverboprincipal:Ej:HaveyouevertriedJapanesefood?No,notyet.(Hasprobadoalgunavezlacomidajaponesa?No,todavano.SOMEBODY/SOMEONE (ALGUIEN)ySOMETHING (ALGUNACOSA)son3personadelsingular,tienenqueirportantoseguidosdeHAS.

    EJERCICIOS:A)Completethesentenceswithaverbfromthelist.Usethepresentperfect(have/has+thepastparticipleoftheverb)Break

    buy

    finish

    do

    go

    go

    lose

    paint

    read

    take

    1. Aretheystillhavingdinner?No,they----------------------2. I-------------------somenewshoes.Doyouwanttoseethem?3. IsTomhere?No,he-----------------------towork.4. ----------you-------------theshopping?No,Imgoingtodoitlater.5. Whereisyourkey?Idontknow.I---------------------it.6. Look!Somebody------------------thewindow.7. Yourhouselooksdifferent.------------you-----------------it?8. Icantfindmyumbrella.Somebody------------------------it.9. ImlookingforSarah.Where------------she-------------?10. Doyouwantthenewspaper?No,thanks,I-------------------it.

    B)CompletetheexercisewithFORorSINCE:1. ShehasbeeninLondon------------Monday.2. ShehasbeeninLondon------------4days.3. Mikehasbeenill---------------alongtime.Hehasbeeninhospital------------October.4. MyaunthaslivedinAustralia------------15years.5. Nobodylivesinthathouse.Ithasbeenempty-----------years.6. MrsHarrisisinheroffice.Shehasbeenthere-----------7oclock.7. Indiahasbeenanindependentcountry--------------1947.8. Thebusislate.Wehavebeenwaiting-------------20minutes.

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    C)Presentperfectorsimplepast?Payspecialattentiontoexpressionsoftime,suchasyesterday,evertheywillgiveyouthecluetoknowthetenseyouhavetouse.1)Myfriendisawriter.He(write)---------------------------manybooks.2)We(nothave)------------------------aholidaylastyear.3)I(play)-------------------------tennisyesterdayafternoon.4)Whattime(yougo)-----------------tobedlastnight?5)(youevermeet)----------------------------afamousperson?6)Theweather(notbe)---------------------verygoodyesterday.7)Myhairiswet.I(justwash)-------------------------------it.8)I(wash)---------------myhairbeforebreakfasthismorning.9)Kathytravelsalot.She(visit)----------------manycountries.10)IsSoniahere?No,she(notcome)------------------ yet.11)(youeverbe)---------------------toFlorida?Yes,we(go)---------------------Thereonholidaytwoyearsago.12)WhereisAlan?(youseehim)-----------------------?Yes,he(go)------------outafewminutesago.PASTPERFECT:

    SeformaconHAD(paratodaslaspersonas)+elparticipiodepasadodelverboprincipal(recuerdalosverbosregulareseirregulares)Seutilizaparaexpresaraccionespasadasqueterminaronantesdequeotraaccinpasadaempezara.Suelecombinarseportantoconelpasadosimple,encontraremosentoncesdosacciones:

    1:Accinterminada:PastPerfect2:Accinqueempezcuandoyahabaacabadolaanterior:S.Past

    Ej:Theconcerthadstartedwhenwearrivedatthetheatre.PastPerfect SimplePast

    ESTRUCTURAS:

    O.AFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+HAD+PARTICIPIOPASADOVB+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:Iarrivedattheairportwhentheplanehadtakenoff.(Llegualaeropuertocuandoelavinhabadespegado)O.NEGATIVAS:SUJETO+HADNT+PARTICIPIOPASADOVB+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:TheshophadntclosedwhenIarrived.(Latiendanohabacerradocuandollegu).O.INTERROGATIVAS:HAD+SUJETO+PARTICIPIOPASADOVB+COMPLEMENTOS?

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    Ej:Hadyoufinishedthebookwhenyougaveitback?(Habasacabadoellibrocuandolodevolviste?)EJERCICIOSA)Completethesesentencesputtingoneverbintothepastperfectandtheotheroneintothesimplepast:

    1. Whenthepolice(arrive)---------------thecar(go)-------------2. WhenI(get)------------totheshopit(close)--------------------3. They(eat)--------------------everythingwhenI(arrive)--------attheparty.4. I(try)---------------telephoningherseveraltimesbutshe(leave)-----------thecountry.5. WhenI(find)----------------mypursesomeone(take)-------------themoneyoutofit.6. Thecar(go)----------------whenI(look)---------------intothestreet.

    B)Presentperfectorpastperfect?Itisntrainingnow.It(stop)----------------------Wehadnocaratthattime.We(sell)------------------ouroldone.Thesquarelookedawful.People(leave)----------------littereverywhere.Youcanhavethatnewspaper.I(finish)-----------------withit.Theresnomorecheese.We(eat)------------------itall.TherewasnosignofataxialthoughI(order)-----------------onehalfanhourbefore.Thisbillisntright.They(make)----------------amistake.IspoketoMelanieatlunchtime.Someone(tell)----------------herthenewsearlier.Iwasreallytiredlastnight.I(have)------------------ahardday.Itllgetwarmerinhere.I(turn)-----------------theheatingon.FUTURE

    Haydostiposdefuturoeningls:1)FuturoconWILL(quefuncionacomoauxiliar,yseutilizaeno.afirmativas,negativaseinterrogativas)-Seutilizacuandoelsujetonotienecontrolsobreelfuturo.-Paraexpresardecisionestomadasenelmomento.-Atravsdeestefuturoexpresamosimprevistos,predicciones, loqueel

    sujetocreequeocurrir.-AparececonexpresionesdetiempocomoTOMORROW,NEXTWEEK,NEXTMONTH,NEXTYEAR.

    ESTRUCTURAS:O.AFIRMATIVAS:SUJETO+WILL+VB(INFINITIVO)+COMPLEMENTOS:

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    Ej:Itwillraintomorrow.(Llovermaana)O.NEGATIVAS:SUJETO+WILLNOT(WONT)+VB(INFINIT)+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:Itwillnotraintomorrow.(Nollovermaana)O.INTERROGATIVAS:WILL+SUJETO+VB(INFINITIVO)+COMPLEMENTOS?Ej:Willitraintomorrow?(Llovermaana?)FuturoconTOBEGOINGTO

    (elverboTobeeselquefuncionacomoauxiliar,yesportantoelquevamosaconjugar,seutilizaeno.afirmativas,negativaseinterrogativas)Utilizamosestetipodefuturocuandoelsujetotienecontrolabsolutosobrelaaccin.Esunfuturoplaneadodeantemano,yparaqueesaaccinse lleveonoa cabo,elsujetohatomado lasmedidasoportunas.

    Expresamosconestefuturointencionesydecisiones.Prediccionesbasadasenhechospresentes.ESTRUCTURAS:

    O.AFIRMATIVAS.SUJETO+TOBE +GOINGTO+VB(INFINITIVO)+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:(Ihavethisbluevelvet)Iamgoingtomakeanewdress.

    (Tengoesteterciopeloazul) VoyahacermeunvestidoNuevo.O.NEGATIVAS:SUJETO+TOBENOT+GOINGTO+VB(INFINIT)+COMPLEMENTOS:Ej:Iamnotgoingtomakeanewdress.O.INTERROGATIVAS:TOBE+SUJETO+GOINGTO+VB(INFINIT)+COMPLEMENTOS?Ej:Areyougoingtomakeanewdress?Compare thesesituationsandreadwhatIwouldsayineachcase:Usewill/goingto:Youmakeyourfriendacupofsweetcoffee,thenshetellsyoushedoesnttakesugar.Offertomakeheranotherone.Illmakeyouanothercupofcoffee(Decisintomadaenelmomento,esporesoqueutilizamosfuturoconWILL)Acolleagueasksyouwhyyouhavebroughtyoursportskittothe

    office.Explainthatyouhavearrangedtoplaytennisafterwork.Iamgoingtoplaytennisafterwork(Decisintomadadeantemano,por

    esotraeselequipoalaoficina,futuroconTOBEGOINGTO)

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    EJERCICIOSA) FillintheblankswithWillFutureorTobegoingto:1)Ihaventgotanymoney.Well,dontworry(I/lend)-------------------------yousome.2)Whyareyoufillingthatbucketwithwater?(I/wash)------------------------------------thecar.3) Theceilinginthisroomdoesntlookverysafe.No,itlooksasif(it/fall)----------------------------down.4) Ihaveaheadache.Waitthereand(I/get)----------------------anaspirin.5) Youhaveaticketfortheplay.Yes,(I/see)-------------------------itonFriday.6)Thephoneisringing.OK,(I/answer)-----------------------it.7)Didyoubuythisbook?No,Nancydidit.(She/read)-----------------------itonholiday.8)Teaofcoffee?(I/have)-------------------------coffee,please.9) Ihavedecidedtorepaintthisroom.Whatcolour(you/paint)--------------------------it?10)Idontknowhowtousethiscamera.Itsquiteeasy.(I/show)------------------------you.B) Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: You have to use all tenses learned until now (simplepresent,presentcontinuous,simplepast,pastcontinuous,presentperfect,pastperfectandfuture)1)Stellausually(stay)inahotelwhenshe(come)toLondon,buttodayshe(stay)withus.2)Mygrandfather(die)manyyears(for/ago/since)whenI(be)alittlegirl.3)YesterdaywhenI(walk)downRegentStreetI(bump)intoastrangelookingman.4)Iusually(do)myhomeworkonSaturday,butI(do)myhomeworktodaybecausenextSaturdaywe(go)out.5)Whyisheputtingthecameraonatripod?He(take)agroupphoto.6)I(live)there(for/since)severalmonthsandthenIwentabroad.7)Look!Thetrain(come).Hurryup!I(notwant)tomissit.8)WhenPaulfinishedhisexam,he(realize)he(make)importantmistakes.9)What(yourwifedo)?Sheisateacher,butshe(notwork)atthemoment.10)Thechildren(finish)theirdinneranhouragoandtheirmother(washup)now.11)AsI(walk)homeyesterdayI(meet)aforeignerwho(ask)methewaytothestation.12)He(work)atpresentinanoffice.

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    13)He(start)worklastChristmas.14)I(notsee)theauthorofthatbook(for/since/ago)we(meet)inNewYorktwoyearsago.15)Whenhearrived,theconcert(already/just/yet)(begin)andhe(notallow)togoin.He(be)verydisappointedtolearnhe(miss)hisfavouritepiece.16)Whenhewasadiplomathe(visit)manycountries.17)MrByrne(go)toSpainlastyearandI(notsee)him(for/since/ago)then.18)WhenIwasatschoolI(speak)fourlanguages.19)Whenwe(get)totheairport,Jack(discover)tohishorrorthathe(leave)hispassportbehind.20)Jane(notdrink)teaveryoften.21)I(work)here(for/since)sevenyears,butitstimetoleavenow.22)Lookout!We(crash).23)(Yougoout)yesterday?24)Whattime(thebanksclose)inEngland?25)IhavesomebluevelvetandI(make)somecurtainsforthisroom.IhaveacarbutI(notuse)itveryoften.

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    ORACIONESDERELATIVO.(RELATIVECLAUSES)

    PRONOMBRESRELATIVOS:

    WHO:AntecedentedepersonasWHICH:AntecedentedecosasoanimalesWHERE:AntecedentedelugarWHOSE:Cuyo*Elantecedenteyelpronombrerelativodebenirunidos.Existendostiposdeoracionesderelativoeningls:1)DEFININGRELATIVECLAUSES:Lainformacinaportadaenlaoracinderelativoesimprescindibleparaquelaoracintengasentido.LaoracinSheisthewomannotienesentidocompletosinoleaadimosmsinformacin.

    Sheisthewomanwholivesnextdoor.Una

    vez

    que

    hemos

    aadido

    informacin

    al

    antecedente

    (woman)

    la

    oracin

    tiene

    sentido

    completo.

    - EnlasdefininigrelativeclausespodemossustituirelpronombrerelativoporTHAT,independientementedequeelantecedenteseadepersonaodecosa.2)NONDEFININGRELATIVECLAUSES:Lainformacinaportadaenlaoracinderelativonoesimprescindibleparalaoracin.Esinformacinextra.En laoracin Mybrotherstudies inLondon tienesentidocompleto,noseranecesarioaadirninguna informacinparapodercomprenderlaoracin.

    Mybrother,whoisverytall,studiesinLondon.NuncapodemossustituirelpronombrerelativoporTHAT.Lasnondefiningrelativeclausessiemprevanentrecomas.

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    EJERCICIOSA)Completethefollowingsentenceswitharelativepronoun:

    1. Hereisthemedicine--------------makesyougood.2. Theoldmaninawheelchair,------------------istalkingtothehospitalmatron,wasonceagreatsurgeon.3. Thegate------------youcamethroughmustbekeptshut.4. TheAmericanambassador,------------youwerespeakingtoamomentago,willbereturninghomesoon.5. Whatisthenameoftheman--------------caryouborrowed?6. Acemeteryisaplace------------peopleisburied.7. Apacifistisaperson--------------believesthatallwarsarewrong.8. Thisschoolisonlyforchildren------------firstlanguageisnotEnglish.9. Sheisthegirl--------------rangyesterday.10. Johnistheboy----------fatherisateacher.11. Yes,thatistheman---------tookmybag.12. Iwanttotalktothestudents-----------namesIcallout.13. Thatmanistheone---------boughtthehouse.14. Youalwaysaskquestions-----------areverydifficulttoanswer.15. Whydoeshealwayswearclothes------------aretoosmallforhim?

    B)Givesomeadditionalinformationwitharelativepronouninthefollowingsentences:Wimbledon,--------------------------------------,isinSouthLondon.HeishopingtobechosenforthenextOlympicGames,-----------------------------Theprimeminister,------------------------------------------,willfaceanelectionsoon.EveryschoolchildhasheardofColumbus,----------------------------------MountEverest,-----------------------------------------,isthehighestmountainintheworld.

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    PASSIVEVOICE.(VOZ PASIVA)

    Enunaoracinactivaenespaolencontramoslossiguienteselementos:Myfather builds houses

    Sujeto Verbo C.Directo

    Enlaoracinpasiva:ElComplementodirectodelaoracinactivapasaasersujetopaciente.Elsujetodelao.activapasaasercomplementoagente(introducidoporBY).Elverbopasivoloformamoscon:

    ElverboTobeenelmismotiempoqueelverboprincipaldelaoracinactiva+elparticipiodepasadodelverboprincipal.

    Houses arebuilt bymyfather.SujetoPaciente Vbpasivo C.Agente

    Acontinuacintepresentocmocambiarlostiemposverbales deactivaapasiva:TENSES ACTIVEVOICE PASSIVEVOICE

    Simplepresent eat/eats is/areeatenPresentContinuous is/areeating is/arebeingeaten

    Simplepast ate was/wereeatenPastcontinuous was/wereeating was/werebeingeatenPresentperfect has/haveeaten has/havebeeneaten

    Pastperfect hadeaten hadbeeneatenFuture willeat willbeeaten

    Conditional wouldeat wouldbeeatenEJERCICIOSA) Changethefollowingsentencesintothepassivevoice:

    Theyhavearrestedthethief. Anunemployedlabourerwasrepairingmyroof. Theprimeministerismakingaspeech. Agreengrocersellspotatoes. Mylandladydoesmywashingup.

    Theyclosed

    the

    shop

    at

    one

    oclock.

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    Apolicemanisusingthetelephone. Afourteenyearoldwasdrivingthecar. Theyhaddecoratedthehouse. Teenagersbuyalotofpoprecords. Architectsdesignbuildings. Ahatshadeshiseyes. Theyhavemademistakes. Theyrecordedthebroadcastspeech. Someoftheworkershaveorganizedanunofficialstrike. Someauthorswilljudgetheliterarycompetition. Wearepreparingtheroom. Ajournalistisreadingtheletter. Horsespullcarts. Theyweredrinkingcoffee.

    B) Completethesentencesusingwordsfromeachline:UsepassivevoiceBuild Paint Design Write Name Invent DiscoverErictheRed Marconi TheAncientEgyptians Picasso Eiffel GeorgeOrwell Erick&Watson1. Greenland2. AnimalFarm3. ThePyramids4. Thewireless5. Guernica6. TheStatueofLiberty7. ThestructureofDNA

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    REPORTEDSPEECH.(ESTILOINDIRECTO)

    Elestilo indirectoconsisteendecir laspalabrasqueotrapersonahadichoantes,paraello tendremosqueempezartodaslasoracionesenestiloindirectoconlasfrasesHESAIDTOMEoHETOLDME(lmedijoolmecont).Tendremos que cambiar los sujetos que aparezcan en las oraciones, de 1 persona de singular a 3 persona desingularyde1personadeplurala3deplural,asmismohayquecambiartambintodoslosadjetivosypronombresposesivosqueaparezcanenlasoraciones.Porltimotodos lostiemposverbales(conjugados,nosecambianlosverbosqueestneninfinitivoogerundio)queaparecenenlaoracindebenretrasarseuntiempo.Acontinuacintepresentounalistaconloscambiosdetiempo:TENSES -DIRECTSPEECH REPORTEDSPEECHSimplepresent:Iwork Simplepast:HesaidheworkedPresentContinuous:Iamworking Pastcontinuous:HesaidhewasworkingSimplepast:Iworked PastPerfect:HesaidhehadworkedPresentperfect:Ihaveworked PastPerfect:HesaidhehadworkedFuture:Iwillwork Conditional:HesaidhewouldworkModalverbs:Icanwork Conditional:Hesaidhecouldwork

    Comohabrscomprobadohemosretrasadolostiempos,deestamaneratenemostambinquecambiartodaslasexpresionesdetiempoydelugarqueaparecenenlaoracin.TIMEANDPLACECHANGES:

    Here ThereThis ThatThese ThoseNow ThenYesterday Thedaybefore,thepreviousdayToday ThatdayTomorrow Thefollowingday,thedayafterLastweek,month Theweekbefore,themonthbefore.Nextweek,month Thefollowingweek,theweekafter

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    2daysago 2daysbeforeEJERCICIOSA) Changethefollowingsentencesintoreportedspeech:

    1. Ineedhelpdesperately,hesaid.2. IdontneedyourhelptodaybutIwillbebusytomorrow,saidPeter.3. Mycarhasbeenstolen,hesaid,Iwillhavetoaskyouafewquestions.4. Icantliveonmybasicsalary,saidPeter,Iwillhavetooffertodoovertime.5. Myyoungbrotherwantstobeataxinspector,saidMary,Icantthinkwhy,noneofmyfamilyhaseverbeena

    taxinspector.B) LastweekyouhadlunchwithRachel,afriendyouhadntseenforalongtime.Lookatthethingsshesaidtoyou,thentellanotherfriendwhatshesaid.Usereportedspeech.

    1. ImgoingtoworkinSpainnextyear.2. Iworkforasmallpublishingcompany.3. Imtheirmarketingmanager.4. ThecompanyhasopenedanofficeinBarcelona.5. Itsbeenverysuccessful.6. IvebeenchosentorunanewofficeinMadrid.7. ImstudyingSpanishintheevenings.8. Idonthavemuchtimetoenjoymyself.9. Ihaventhadlunchwithfriendsforages.10. IhopemyfriendswillcomeandvisitmeinMadrid.11. Iwenttherelastweekwithmysecretary.12. Wedidnthavemuchtimeforsightseeing.13. Ihavetogetbacktoworknow.

    Rachelsaid

    QUESTIONSINREPORTEDSPEECH:

    Yasabesquehaydosmanerasdehacerpreguntaseningls: Preguntasconverboauxiliar:DoyouliveinMadrid? Preguntasconpartculainterrogativa: Wheredoyoulive?

    Debes recordarqueunapreguntaenestilodirectoseconvierteenunaoracinafirmativaunavezque lapasamosaestilo indirecto, por tanto seguir la estructura de las oraciones afirmativas que ya conocemos (SUJ + VB+COMPLEMENTOS)

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    LosverbosintroductoriosconlosqueahoravamosaempezarlaspreguntasenestiloindirectosonHEASKEDMEoHEWANTEDTOKNOW.Dadoquehaydostiposdepreguntaseningls,haydosmanerasdepasarlasaestiloindirecto.1.-Preguntasconauxiliar:HeaskedmeIFIlivedinMadrid.En las preguntas con auxiliar, despus del verbo auxiliar utilizamos la expresin condicional IF, como te he dichoanteriormentepasaaserunaoracinafirmativa,asaadimoselSUJETO+VERBO(compruebaquehemosretrasadolostiempossegnlalistaquetepresentanteriormente)+COMPLEMENTOS.2.-Preguntasconpartculainterrogativa:HeaskedmeWHERE Ilived.En las preguntas con partcula interrogativa, despus del verbo introductoria aadimos la partcula interrogativacorrespondienteparadespusaadirelsujetoyelverboeneltiempocorrespondiente.

    EJERCICIOS

    A)Putthefollowingquestionsintothereportedspeech:1. Whohasbeenusingmytypewriter?Mymotherasked2. Doyouwanttoseethecathedral?Theguideasked3. Didyousleepwell?Myhostessasked4. Haveyoubeenherelong?Theotherstudentsaskedhim5. HowlonghaveyoubeenlearningEnglish?Paulasked.6. Whereareyougoingforyoursummerholidays?Iasked7. Doyougrowyourownvegetables?Myfriendasked.8. Howmanysleepingpillshaveyoutaken?Thenightsisterasked.

    ORDERSINREPORTEDSPEECH:

    Para dar rdenes en ingles utilizamos el imperativo. El imperativo es el nico tiempo en ingls en el que nonecesitamossujetoenlasoraciones.rdenesafirmativas:VERBO+COMPLEMENTOSOpenthedoorrdenesnegativas:DONT+VERBO+COMPLEMENTODontclosethewindowLosverbosintroductoriosenestecasoson:HEORDEREDMEoHETOLDME.rdenesafirmativas:HeorderedmeTOopenthedoor.

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    rdenesnegativas:HeorderedmeNOTTOclosethewindow.EJERCICIOSA)Putthefollowingsentencesintothereportedspeech:

    1. Dontputstickythingsinyourpockets!Hismotherorderedhim2. Dontdoanythingdangerous!Hiswifetoldhim3. Getintotherightlane!Thedrivinginstructororderedher4. Holdtheladder!Hetoldhim5. Donttakemorethantwoofthese!Thedoctororderedme6. Fastenyourseatbelts!Thehostesstoldus7. Dontdrivethroughfogwithonlyafoglighton!Sheorderedhim

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    CONDITIONALSENTENCES.(ORACIONESCONDICIONALES)

    Recuerdaqueenunaoracincondicionalsiemprehaydospartes.Eninglshaytrestiposdeoracionescondicionales:CONDICIONALESDETIPO1:PROBABLES

    Hayun100%deposibilidadesdequelacondicinsecumplasisecumpleunadelaspartesdelacondicin:IF+PRESENTE / FUTUROIfyouphonemeIwillgotothecinema.(LapartedelIFpuedeiralprincipiooalfinal,perosiempreseguidodepresentesisetratadeunacondicionaldetipo1)

    CONDICIONALESDETIPO2:IMPROBABLES

    Lasposibilidadesdequesecumplalacondicinsereducenaun50%.IF+PASADOSIMPLE / WOULD+INFINITIVO

    COULD +INFINITIVOIfIknowyouraddressIwouldvisityouIhadmoneyIcouldtravelallovertheworld.CONDICIONALESTIPO3:IMPOSIBLES

    No existe ninguna posibilidad de que se cumpla la condicin, la situacin ha tenido lugar en el pasado y no hayposibilidaddecambiarelpasado.IF+PASTPERFECT / WOULDHAVE+PASTPARTICIPLEIfyouhadstudiedmoreyouwouldhavepassedtheexam

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    EJERCICIOSA) Puttheverbsinbracketsintothecorrecttenses:

    1. Ifyoupassyourexaminationwe(have)--------------acelebration.2. Youwouldplaybetterbridgeifyou(nottalk)-------------somuch.3. What(happen)--------------ifIpressthisbutton?4. Ifyou(wear)---------------------afalsebeardnobodywouldhaverecognizedyou.5. IfyougotoPariswhere(you/stay)------------------------?6. Ifthemilkman(come)--------------------tellhimtoleavetwopints.7. Someone(sit)------------------------onyourglassesifyouleavethemthere.8. Ifyou(read)---------------------theinstructionscarefullyyouwouldnthaveansweredthewrongquestion.9. Ifyoushakethatbottleofportit(notbe)-------------------fittodrink.10. IfIhadknownthatyoucouldnteatoctopusI(notbuy)-----------------------it.11. What(I/do)-------------------ifIheartheburglaralarm?12. I(bring)----------------------yousomebeerifIhadknownthatyouwerethirsty.13. Ifanyoneattackedmemydog(jump)-------------------------athisthroat.14. Ifyouhadtouchedthatelectriccableyou(be)----------------electrocuted.15. You(notbe)--------------------anyusetomeifyoudontlearntotype.

    B) Finishthesesentencestakingcaretousethecorrecttenses,allofthemareconditionalsentences:1. Ifthevolcanostartserupting----------------2. Hewouldlendittoyouif-------------------3. Ifyouhadaskedhimhispermission--------------------4. Ifyoutriedtoclimbwithoutaguide-----------------5. Ifthefirehadbeennoticedearlier----------------------6. Ifyouleavethegateopen-----------------------------7. Ifyouhadanysense---------------------8. IfIhadhadacar------------------------------9. Youwillhavetogotothedentist----------------10. IfTomringswhileIamout----------------------------11. Youwouldnthavebeenangry----------------------12. Ifyoudidntshakethecamerasomuchthephotographs-------------13. Herlifewouldhavebeensavedif----------------------14. Ifyoudontputenoughstampsonaletter----------------15. Ifthishoteldoesntgetanothercook----------------------

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    EJERCICIOSDEREPASO

    Recuerdaqueelexamensiempresebasaenun textosobreelque tienesquecontestarunaseriedepreguntas,acontinuacintienesvariostextosconlosquepuedesirpracticando.Procuranocopiarlasrespuestasdirectamentedeltexto,intenta,siemprequeseaposible,contestarcontuspropiaspalabras.Alfinaldecadatextoteirindicandoquepartedelagramticadebesrepasar.A) TheJacksonfamilyareonholidayinTurkey.Theyarestayingatabighotelin Istambul.Mark(13),hissisterFay(12)andtheirparentslikeTurkey.Itisbeautiful,theweatherishotandthefoodisgood.TodaytheyarevisitingthecityofTroy.Theyaregettingonabus in frontof theirhotel.Thereare40peopleon thebus.Theycome fromBritain,America,France,ItalyandHolland.Answerthefollowingquestionsonthetextusingyourownwords:Dontrepeatthetext.

    1. HowmanypeoplearethereintheJacksonfamily?2. InwhichTurkishcityaretheystaying?3. Howoldarethechildren?4. Howmanypeoplearethereinthebus?5. Wheredothepeopleonthebuscomefrom?

    Gramticaquedebesrepasarconestetexto:Presentecontinuo.AdjetivosposesivosThereis/ThereareHowmuch/Howmany

    B) DearNormaandEric,WeareinItaly.Weareveryhappyhere.Theweatheriswonderful,soweareatthebeachallthetime.Thehotelisverybigbutitisnotnew.Peopleareverynice,boysareverytallandhandsomeandgirlsareveryprettyandthin..Seeyousoon.Love.PeterandSarah

    1)WherearePeterandSarah?2) Aretheysad?3) What'stheweatherlikeinItaly?4) Describethehotel.Isitsmall,isitold?

    C)BathisaveryoldcityinEngland.IthasabeautifulAbbey.Alotofpeoplevisitthecity,andinthesummertherearealwayscrowdssotouristsinthestreets.PeteandCarlaarestudentsatBathuniversity.Carla likestowalkinthelittleback streets. It is quiet herebut Pete and Carlacan hear music. Look says Pete. Thatman is playing the flute.Lets

    goandlistenPeteandCarlalistentothefluteplayer.ThetuneisGreenslevesandCarlasingsitwithhim.Answerthequestionsaccordingtothetext:1)ArePeteandCarla:

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    a)shopkeepers b)students c)tourists?2)IsBathAbby:

    a)achurch b)thenameofastreet c)thenameofacaf?3)WhatisGreensleves?ThisstorytakesplaceinBath.HereareanagramsoffourotherBritishcities.TheyallbeginwithletterB.Whatarethey?RTIBGHNO INAIHRMGBM RTIBSLO UTMBROHONEWWriting:

    YouareoneofthetouristsinBath.Writeapostcardtosomeoneathome.Gramticaquedebesrepasarconestetexto:PresentesimplevsPresenteContinuo.

    D)IhaveafriendinEngland.HisnameisKenRoberts.Iknowhimverywell.Weoftenwritetoeachother.Mylettersareveryshort.ItisstillveryhardtowriteinEnglish.IreceivedaletterfromKenyesterday.Itmademeveryhappy.Heiscomingtomycountryforaholidaynextyear.Wearegoingtoseeeachotherforthefirsttime.Answerthesequestions.Youranswersmustnotbemorethan52words.

    1. Wheredoesyourfriend,KenRoberts,live?2. Whatdoyoubothoftendo?3. Areyourlettersshortorlong?4. IsithardforyoutowriteinEnglish,orisiteasy?5. WhatwillKendonextyear?6. Willyouseeeachotherforthefirsttimeornot?

    E) Oursummerholidayslast3months.Duringthelastweekoftheholidayswegetreadyforschool.Webuypencils,pens, paper and new books. On the first day of school we see all our friends again and we tell them about theholidays.After that weget into class. It is so hard to keep quiet andpayattention toour teacher. Healways sayswitha laugh.Youforgetmoreinthreemonthsthanyoulearninayear.Youranswersmustnotbemorethan55words:

    1. Howlongdooursummerholidaylast?2. Whendoweprepareforschool?3. Whomdoweseeonthefirstday?4. Whatdowetellthem?5. Wheredowegothen?6. Whatdoesourteacheralwayssay?

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    Gramticaquedebesrepasarconestetexto:Repasaelpresentesimple.

    F) Itisveryhotinthesummerandintheeveningsnobodylikesstayingathome.Peoplewalkinthestreetsorsitintheopen.Wehaveaspecialsummercinemaandmyfriendsand Ioftengothere.Therearetalltreesallroundandit isverycool. Sometimes the filmsarenotverygood, but wedo not mind.Thestarsshine in aclear sky and there isoftenalargebrightmoon.Wecanforgetthefilmandenjoyapleasantevening.Youranswersmustnotbemorethan44words:1)Isithotinthesummer,orisitcold?2)Dopeopleliketogooutintheevening,ordotheyliketostayathome?

    3)Wheredoyourfriendsandyouoftengo?4)Isitwarmthere,orisitcool?5)Doyousometimesseebadfilmsordoyoualwaysseegoodfilms?6)Doyoumindaboutthisornot?7)Doyoualwaysenjoyapleasanteveningornot?

    Gramticaquedebesrepasarconestetexto:Repasa el presente simple y los adverbios de frecuencia que a menudoacompaanaestetipodepresente.

    G)ItsJanuary10th.TodayJaneisseventeenyearsofage.Sheswearingaprettynewdress.Itsblueandwhite.Janeishavingapartytodayandshesexpectingallherfriendstocome.Theyaregoingtoarriveinashorttime.Theyaregoing tobringmanybeautifulpresentswith them.Janesmotherhasprepareda lotofnice things toeatanddrink.Theyoungpeoplearegoingtoplaygames,sing,danceandlistentomusic.Theywillhaveawonderfultimetogether.Answerthefollowingquestions.Youranswersmustnotbemorethan51words:

    1. Whatisthedatetoday?2. Whosebirthdayisit?3. Howoldisshe?4. IsJanewearinganewdress,orisitwearinganoldone?5. Isshehavingapartyornot?6. Whenwillherfriendsarrive?7. Whataretheyoungpeoplegoingtodoattheparty?

    Repasalasiguientegramtica:Presentecontinuo.Futuro:Hill/Tobegoingto

    H) MrandMrsSimmsgotothemarketonSaturdaymornings.MrSimmsneverenjoysthesevisits.MrsSimmsgoesshoppingandhesitsonaboxandwaitsforher.Thismorningtherewasmorenoisethanusualandeveryonewasinahurry. Mrs Simms bought some meat, fish, fruit and vegetables. An hour passed and then a man came up to MrSimms.

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    Excuseme,hesaid, isyournameSimms?Yourwifehas finishedshoppingnow,but thebagsareveryheavy.Shewantsyoutocarrythemhomeforher.Youranswersmustnotbemorethen45words:

    1. WheredoMrandMrsSimmsgoeverySaturdaymorning?2. DoesMrSimmsenjoyitornot?3. Didhiswifebuymanydifferentthingsthismorning,ordidshebuyonlyafewthings?4. Howlongdidherhusbandwait?5. WhatdidMrsSimmswantherhusbandtodointheend?

    Repasalasiguientegramtica:Presentsimple(Tercerapersona)Pasadosimple.

    I) Iworkedasapostmanforashorttime.ButIamafraidofdogsandIhavealotoftrouble.OnedayItriedtodeliverapostcardtoabighouse.Igotoffmybicycleandatoncealargedograntowardsthegate.Itmade alotofnoiseandintheendIdroppedthecardinthegarden.Thedogpickeditupimmediatelyandcarrieditintothehouse.ThedogwasabetterpostmanthanIwas.Youranswersmustnotbemorethan58words:DidIworkasapostmanforalongtimeorforashorttime?DidIfindtheworkeasyordidIfinditdifficult?DoIlikedogs,oramIafraidofthem?WheredidIhavetodeliverapostcardoneday?Wouldthedogatthehouseletmegothroughthegateornot?WheredidIthrowthecard?Wheredidthedogtakeit?

    Repasalasiguientegramtica:Repasaelpasadosimpledelosverbosregulareseirregulares.

    J) Thechildrennextdooroftenplayfootballinthegardenandsometimesbreakmywindows.LastSaturdayafternoonIstayedathomeandreadabook.AfterawhileIclosedmyeyesandwenttosleep.Asoundatthedoormademegetupquickly.Soonalittleboyappeared.Notoneofmywindowsagain?IaskedOhno!Answeredtheboy.Yourwindowwasopenthistimeandourballisinyourbedroom.Maywegetin,please?Youranswersmustnotbemorethan50words:

    1. Wheredothechildrennextdooroftenplayfootball?2. Whatdotheysometimesbreak?3. WheredidIspendtheafternoonlastSaturday?4. Whocametothedoor?5. Whatdidhewanttodo?6. Wherewasit?

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    7. Didhebreakmywindowornot?8. Wasitopen,orwasitshut?

    K) Lacock ,nearChippenham in thecountyofWiltshire, isabeautiful littlevillagewithapopulationof200.WilliamHenryFox-Talbot,thephotographicpioneer,madethefirstpapernegative,aphotographofawindowinLacockAbbey,in1835.Between 55000and60000 people visit the Abbey everyyear. David andKathleen Allan owna food store and thepost office in Lacock. Mr Allan says he has no problems with tourists, but some of the inhabitants are tired oftourists..Answerthesequestions:

    1. Whatisthevillagefamousfor?2. Whydotouristswanttovisitit?3. WhowasWilliamHenryFox-Talbot?4. HowmanypeoplevisittheAbbeyeveryyear?5. WhoaretheownersofthepostofficeinLacock?6. DopeopleinLacockliketourists?

    L)HOW?Theywereallthere.Thesons, thedaughters, thewives, thechildren,even little fouryearoldAndrew.TheybecamequietwhenoldladyBoonstoodupattheendofthegreatroom.Thankyouallforcomingshesaid.Everyyear,therearemoreofyouwives,children.Everyyearonthisday,weremembermypoordearSirGeorge.Peopleoftenask,HowdidSirGeorgebecome Commander- inChiefofallour fightingmen?Andeveryyear- for thenewones- I tellyouthisstory.WhenSirGeorgecameback fromthewar,theKinghimselfsentforhim.SirGeorgesaidtheking.Youhavelostanarm,thangoodarmwasshotawayinthewar.Yougavethatarmforyourcountry.Inowgiveyoumyownwhite horse. From this day, it is yours. The people who heard Lady Boon were happy at the thought. FouryearoldAndrewpulledatthecoatofamannearhim.Hasshefinished?Ssssssssshhhhhhh,saidtheman.Butthatis not allLady Boon began again. Sir George said to the king. The kings own horse for one arm! And for twoarms?Thekingsaid.Fortwo lostarmsImustmakeyouCommander inChiefofallmy fightingmen.AndatonceSirGeorgeshotoffhisotherarmAlittlecrywentupfromthepeopleintheroom.Thekingrememberedhiswords.Atonce,SirGeorgebecameCommanderinChiefofallourfightingmen.Agreatman.LetsusdrinkaswerememberSirGeorgeBoon.Thepeopleintheroomdrankfromtheirlargeglassesandlaughedandtalkedagain.LittleAndrewwentuptoLadyBoonandasked.Isittrue?DidSirGeorgeshootoffhisotherarminfrontoftheking?Yesshesaid.AndLittleAndrewsaid:How?Answerthefollowingquestions:

    1. WhowasSirGeorgeswife?2. WhowasSirGeorge?3. Whogavehimawhitehorse4. Whowasinthegreatroom?5. WhodidntbelievethestoryaboutSirGeorge?

    M) THEMISTERYOFTHELOCHNESSMONSTER.

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    TheLochNessMonster!Afamousmonster!Afamousmystery!Yes,theLochNessMonsterisamystery.What isamonster?Itsabiganimal,orabigfish!Itsbiganditsstrange.Whatisaloch?Itsastrangeword.ItisaScottishword.Englishpeoplesaylake.AlochisakindoflakeinScotland,alakebetweentowhills.LochNessisnottheonlylochinScotland,butitisafamousloch.LochNessisanoldlake.Old?Yes,25000years.Itsalsoalonglake.Its38.6kmslong,butonly1.6kmswide.LochNessisalsoadeeplake,296metresdeep.NESSIE:TheLochNessMonsterhasaname.Thename if themonster isNessie.Nessie isa realScottishname.NessiecomesfromthenameAgnes.It iscommoninScotland.ThenameofLochNesscomesfromtheRiverNess.ItrunsfromLochNesstothetownofInverness.InvernessismouthoftheRiverNess.TheLochNessMonsterQuiz!

    1. Whatisamonster?2. Whatisaloch?3. IsLochNesstheonlylochinScotland?4. WhatisthenameoftheLochNessMonster?5. IsLochNess24kms,38.6kmsor40kmslong?6. IsLochNess1km,1.6kmor1.9kmswide?7. IsLochNess296metres,500metresof975metresdeep?

    N) THELETTER:ItwasKellysfirstjobasaseaman,andtheshipwasabigone.Itstayedatseaformonthsatatime.At last, letterscamefromhome.TherewasaletterforKelly,andheputitinsidehisshirt.HisfriendAlbertsaid:-Arentyougoingtoreadyourletter?-No,Ihaveworktodo.LatethatnightAlbertsawKellyagain.Hesaid:-Didyoureadyourletter?-Whoisitfrom?-No.-HowdoIknow?-Well,youmustknowthewriting?-No-Well,openit-No-Dontyouwanttoreadit?-Yes,Iwanttoreadit.-So,whydontyoureadit?-BecauseIcantread.-Oh!Whydidntyousayso?Here,giveittome.-Whatareyoudoing?- Openingit.-Thatsmyletter.-Whofrom?-FromerBetty.Whoisthat?_Mygirlfriend.-Ok,are youready? - Readyforwhat?- Iwillreadit.Right.Thisisit.Mydearest......- Wait!Whatareyoudoingnow? - Iamputtingthelightoff.- Why?

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    - ThatletterisfromBettytome.Icantletyouseeit.- HowcanIreaditnow?Icantseeanything.- Wait,hereisatorch.- Thanks.- Canyouseenow?- Thistorchisnogood.Itdoesntlight.-Iwillputthelightonagain.- CanIreaditnow?- Wait.- Whatareyoudoing,Kelly?- Imputtingmyhandsoveryourears.Nowyoucanthearwhatyouare saying.Ok,readmetheletter.Answerthesequestions:

    1. WhydidntKellyopenhisletter?2. Whydidheputthelightoff?3. Whydidhegetatorch?4. Whydidtheshipstayatseaforalongtime?5. WhydidKellyputhishandsoverAlbertsears?

    M)Readibg:BEIJING

    BeijingisthecapitalofthePeoplesRepublicofChina.ItsoldnameisPeking.Itisinthenorth-eastofChinabetweentworivers,theYung-TingandtheChai-Pau.BeijingisthecentreoftheChinesegovernmentandtheculturalcentreofChina.

    ThecityofBeijingisverybig,9500squaremilesof24000squarekilometres.Itisthesizeofasmallcountryorastate.YoucancompareittoHaitiandNewHampshireintheUnitedStates.TienanmenSquare isa largeopenarea inBeijing, famous inall theworldsince thestudentmassacre in1989.TheGreatHallofthePeopleisonthewestsideofthesquare.Answerthesequestions:

    1. Whereisthistown?2. WhatsthenameofthefamoussquareinBeijing?3. Whyisitfamous?4. Nametworiversinthetext:

    Choosethecorrectanswer:Pekingis:

    a)anoldnameforBeijingb)theprovincialcapitalofthePeoplesRepublicofChinac)theagriculturalcentreofChina

    Trueorfalse?

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    1) BeijingisthecapitalofthePeoplesRepublicofChina2) BeijingisinthecentreofChina3) Beijingcoversaverylargearea4) TheGreatHallofthepeopleisontheeastsideoftheTiananmenSquareWriteaboutatownyoulike.Followthisplan:

    - Situation- Whyisitimportant:mainactivity- Size,population,etc- Someimportantbuildings,monuments,etc

    UsethepassageaboutBeijingtohelpyou.

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    SOLUCIONESALOSEJERCICIOS

    TOBE

    1.Givequestionsfortheseanswers:No,Iammarried.Areyoumarried?Sheistenyearsold.Howoldisshe?Halfpastseven.Whattimeisit?FromGermany.Whereareyoufrom?Itisnearthesupermarket.Whereistheschool?91863245Whatisyourtelephonenumber?Well,thankyou,andyou?Howareyou?Lopez.

    Whatisyoursurname?Teresa

    Whatisyourname?No,theyaredentists.Aretheypilots?

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    ARTCULOS

    1.PutA/ANorTHEinthesesentenceswherenecessary:WouldyoulikeANapple?CanyoucloseTHEdoor,please?Excuseme,whereisTHEbusstation,please?IvegotAproblem.Canyouhelpme?MysisterhasgotAjobinAbankinManchesterWelivein AsmallflatnearTHE citycentreThereisAsmallsupermarketatTHE endof THEstreetIlivein.THESunisstar.

    TRANSLATION(TRADUCCIN)(TOBE)

    1.Traducelassiguientesoracionesdemaneraafirmativa,negativaeinterrogativa.Elchicofrancsesalto.Afirmativa:TheFrenchboyistallNegativa: TheFrenchboyisnottallInterrogativa:IstheFrenchboytall?Loslibrosazulessonviejos.Af:ThebluebooksareoldNg:ThebluebooksarenotoldInt:Arethebluebooksold?Williamesmdico.Af:WilliamisadoctorNg:Williamisnotadoctor.Int: IsWilliamadoctor?Lasmujeresespaolassonguapas.Af:Spanishwomenarepretty.Ng:Spanishwomenarenotpretty.Int: AreSpanishwomenpretty?

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    Laprofesoraesdelgada.Af:Theteacheristhin.Ng:Theteacherisnotthin.Int: Istheteacherthin?Lacamisetaamarillaescara.Af:Theyellowt-shirtisexpensive.Ng:Theyellowt-shirtisnotexpensive.Int: Istheyellowt-shirtexpensive?Lamesagrandeesnueva.Af:Thebigtableisnew.Ng:Thebigtableisnotnew.Int: Isthebigtablenew?

    2.CompletalosespaciosdelassiguientesfrasesconlaformacorrectadelverboTOBEHellogirls:Welcometotheschool!!Let'sintroduceourteachers:This isJames.He...IS.........theEnglish teacherandhe.......IS....fromEngland.This isRose.She......IS......the cook and she ......IS.......from London. This is John and this is Anne. They ....ARE......students. They......ARE......fromScotland.You.....ARE....goodstudents.Girls,we....ARE.......readyandIthinktheteachers......ARE......ready.Let'sbeginthelessons.

    TOBETOHAVE

    A)CompletethesentenceswithTOBEorTOHAVE:Where-------ARE------youfrom?Robert--------HAS-----anapple.Anna------IS------twentynineyearsold.They-------ARE----cold.He--------HAS-------achocolateicecream.There--------IS-----abookonthetable.AFord-------IS--asmallcarbutit-----HAS----fourdoors.-------ARE----thereanypeoplefromGermanyintheclass?Silvia-------IS-----veryyoung.There-----IS-------somebeerinthefridge.

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    TOBE(QUESTIONS)

    B)Findtherightanswersforthesequestions:1)Whereisthecamera? A)London. 1F2)Isyourcarblue?B)No,Iamnot. 2G3)IsLindafromLondon?C)Yes,youare. 3H4)AmIlate?D)Mysister. 4C5)WhereisAnnfrom?E)Black 5A6)Whatcolourisyourbag? F)Inyourbag. 6E7)Areyouhungry?G)No,itsblack.7B8)HowisGeorge? H)No,sheisAmerican.8I9)Whoisthatwoman?I)Verywell.9D

    C)Writethequestions:(Readtheanswersfirst)(name)--------Whatisyourname?--------------------------Paul.(marriedorsingle)------Areyoumarriedorsingle?---------------Iammarried.(American)--------AreyouAmerican?--------------------No,ImAustralian.(howold)---------Howoldareyou?------------------------Im30.(ateacher)-------Areyouateacher?--------------------No,Imalawyer.(wifealawyer)--------Isyourwifealawyer?---------No,sheisadesigner.(from)----------Whereisshefrom?--------------------------------SheisItalian.(hername)----------Whatishername?-----------------------------------Anna.(howold)---------------------------Howoldisshe?-------Sheis27.

    ADJETIVOSPOSESIVOS

    A)Completethesentenceswith HIS/HER/THEIRIsawLizwith-----HER-----husband,Philip.IsawAnnandTedwith----THEIR-----children.IsawTedwith-----HIS----wife,Ann.IsawGeorgewith------HIS-----brother,Bill.IsawAnnwith-------HER------brother,Bill.IsawLizandPhilipwith----THEIR----son,Bill.IsawAnnwith------HER-----parents.

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    IsawDianaandRobertwith----THEIR-----parents.B) Fill in the blanks with the following subject pronouns and possessive adjectives: I/YOU/HE/SHE/IT/MY/YOUR/HIS/HER/THEIR/YOUR:

    AreyouMaryLewis?Yes,----I------am.SheisfromSpain.---MY-----nameisCarmen.HeisfromJapan,-----HIS----nameisPaulWatanabe.AreyouItalian?No,--I-------amGreek.IsyournameJohn?No,---IT-----isnt.------MY--nameisAlice,-----I-----amadentist.Monicaand-------HER---motheraredoctors.PhilipisFrenchbut----HIS------wifeisGerman.GeorgeandKarenareBritish,---THEIR------daughterismarriedtoanAmerican.Annisaphotographerand----HER------brotherisateacher.Mysisterand----I-----areAmericanbut---OUR------parentsareGreek.Henrysmotherisashopassistant,----HER------nameisLucy.AliceandBillaredoctorsand-----THEIR-----sonisastudent.Thisis-----MY-----brotherJohnandthisis------HIS-----room.

    C) Fillinthegaps.Usethepersonalpronounsandpossessiveadjectives.MelindaisanEnglishgirl.------SHE------livesinabeautifulhouseontheoutskirtsofReading.---IT-----abitfarfrom the school. --HER------ mother takes her there by car every morning because ----SHE--- works in ahospitalnearby.Intheafternoon,afterschool,Melindagoesbackhomebybus.----HER---classmatesJeffreyandDavidgobackwithher.---THEY----are------HER--neighbours.

    D)Choosetherightword:Itstheir/theirsproblem,notour/ours.Thisisanicecamera.Isityour/yours?Thatsnotmy/mineumbrella.My/Mineisblack.Whosebooksarethese?Your/Yoursormy/mine?Catherineisgoingoutwithher/hersfriendsthisevening.My/mineroomisbiggerthanher/hersTheyhavegottwochildrenbutIdontknowtheir/theirsnamesCanweuseyourwashingmachine?Our/Oursisbroken

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    GENITIVOSAJN,FAMILYTREE

    WILLIAM+JANEPAUL+MAGGYANNE LISA+HENRYJohn MarySusan Richard(LosnombresqueestnsubrayadossonloshijosdeWilliamyJane)A) CompletethefollowingexercisebyusingtheSaxongenitive:

    Ej:WilliamisJANESHUSBAND.(JANE)WilliamandJaneare----------Lisasparents------------------------(LISA)Paulis-------------------------------Lisasbrother--------------------------(LISA)Lisais-------------------------------Henryswife---------------(HENRY)Paulis-----------------------------------------Williamsson------(WILLIAM)JohnandMaryare--------------------Maggyschildren--------------(MAGGY)JohnandMaryare-------------Williamsgrandchildren---------(WILLIAM)Maryis--------Annesniece-----------------------------(ANNE)Richardis----------------------Annesnephew------------------------(ANNE)Anneis---------------------------Susansaunt----------------(SUSAN)Paulis----------------------------------Susansuncle--------------(SUSAN)Johnis-------------Susanscousin-------------------------(SUSAN)Lisais---------------Susansmother---------------------------(SUSAN)Maryis-----------------Janesgranddaughter---------------------------(JANE)Anneis---------------------------------Lisassister--------------------------(LISA)Maryis----------------------------Maggys daughter-----------(MAGGY)

    B) RewritethefollowingsentencesbyusingtheSaxongenitive.Ej:Thegirlhasaprettydress.Thegirlsdressispretty.Themanhaswhitehair.----------Themanshair--------------------iswhite.Maryhasredshoes.-----------------------------Marysshoes------arered.Thekinghasabeautifulpalace.-------Thekingspalace--------isbeautiful.Alicehasanewbicycle.--------------Alicesbicycle---------------------isnew.Thecathasgreeneyes.--------Thecatseyes----------------aregreen.Mydoghasalongtail.------------------Mydogstail---------------islong.Themenhavelonghair.-----------------Themenshair-------------islong.

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    C) Translatethefollowingsentences:EstelhermanodePedroenlacocina?No,noest.IsPetersbrotherinthekitchen?No,heisnt.LacasadePaulesmuybonita.Paulshouseisverybeautiful.EsteeselcochedeBillyyaqueleseldeMary.ThisisBillyscarandthatisMarys.Dndeestlacervezadetuabuelo?Estenlacocina.Whereisyourgrandfathersbeer?Itisinthekitchen.ElmaridodeSusaneselpadredeRobert.SusanshusbandisRobertsfather.Hoyeselcumpleaosdemimadre.Mymothersbirthdayistoday.

    VERBTENSES

    PRESENTECONTINUOA) Whatshappeningatthemoment?WriteTRUEsentences:

    I/wash/myhair.Iamnotwashingmyhair.It/

    snow.

    It

    is

    not

    snowing.

    I/sit/onachair.Iamsittingonachair.I/eat.Iamnoteating.It/rain.Itisraining.I/learn/English.IamlearningEnglish.I/listen/tomusic.Iamnotlisteningtomusic.Thesun/shine.Thesunisshining.I/wear/shoes.Iamwearingshoes.I/read/

    anewspaper.

    Iam

    not

    reading

    anewspaper.

    B) Writequestionsfromthesewords.Useisorareandputthewordsinorder.working/Paul/today?IsPaulworkingtoday?What/doing/thechildren?Whatarethechildrendoing?You/listening/tome?Areyoulisteningtome?Where/going/yourfriends?Whereareyourfriendsgoing?Yourparents/television/watching?AreyourparentswatchingTV?What/cooking/Ann?WhatisAnncooking?

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    Why/you/lookingatme?Whyareyoulookingatme?Coming/thebus?Isthebuscoming?

    PRESENTESIMPLEA) CompletaelsiguienteartculoperiodsticosobreLordStonebury.Utiliza PRESENTESIMPLE.Todos losverboshandeserafirmativos.Recuerdala3personadelsingular.Debesutilizartodoslosverbosquetedoyacontinuacin.Enalgunoscasoshandeusarsemsdeunavez(talycomoteindicoentreparntesis).Buscaen

    eldiccionarioaquellosverbosquenoconozcas.Go(4)/have(3)/live(2)/get/ meet/own/play/read/spend/talk

    LordStoneburyis28yearsold.He-----lives----------inBelgravia,inLondonsWestEnd.Heisveryrichandhe ----owns------ the company Office Blocks International. Every morning the young Lord -----has----------breakfast in bed and ------reads------- the newspapers. He -----gets------- up at 10 oclock and usually -----goes----- for a walk in Hyde Park. He ------has------- lunch at his club. He sometimes -----meets---------theDirectors OBI, and they ---talk------- about the companys plans. In the afternoon Lord Stonebury and hisfriendssometimes------play-------golf.Thenthey---have------afewdrinks.Orsometimesheandagirlfriend----go-------foradrive inhissportscar.AfterdinnerLordStonebury-----goes-----toanightcluboracasinowithoneofhisgirlfriends.They-------go-----homeatabout2oclock.

    InthewintertheyoungLord------lives-------inMonteCarlo.Andhe-----spends-----hissummerholidaysintheWestIndies.

    B) Write sentences from these words: Put the verbs in the right form (arrive or arrives?). Be careful withfrequencyadverbs.

    always/early/Sue/arriveSuealwaysarrivesearly.basketball/I/play/oftenIoftenplaybasketball.work/Margaret/hard/usuallyMargaretusuallyworkshard.Jenny/always/nice/wear/clothesJennyalwayswearsniceclothes.dinner/we/have/always/at7.30Wealwayshavedinnerat7.30like/chocolate/children/usuallyChildrenusuallylikechocolate.Julia/parties/enjoy/alwaysJuliaalwaysenjoysparties.

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    C) Writequestions:Usethewordsinbrackets+DO/DOES.Putthewordsintherightorder.where/live/yourparents?Wheredoyourparentslive?you/early/always/getup?Doyoualwaysgetupearly?howoften/TV/you/watch?HowoftendoyouwatchTV?you/want/what/fordinner?Whatdoyouwantfordinner?like/you/football?Doyoulikefootball?yourbrother/like/football?Doesyourbrotherlikefootball?what/you/do/intheevening?Whatdoyoudointheevening?yoursister/work/where?

    Wheredoesyoursisterwork?tothecinema/often/you/go?

    Doyouoftengotothecinema?go/usually/tobed/whattime/you?Whattimedoyouusuallygotobed?

    PRESENTESIMPLEOPRESENTECONTINUO?D) Choosetherightanswer:Simplepresentorpresentcontinuous?

    1)Listen!Someone----------B---------theviolin.Canyouhearit?a)playsb)isplaying

    2) Helenisamusician.She--------A-----theviolininanorchestra.a)playsb)isplaying

    3) He-------B------veryhardnow.Hisexamsareverynext.a)works b)isworking

    4) Can Iphoneyouback?-------B---------dinneratthemoment.a)haveb)amhaving5) Kim-------A--------inabank.Shehasworkedtherefor20years.a)works b)isworking6) WhereisJohn?-------B--------thedinner?a)doeshecook b)ishecooking7) Look!Wecantplaytennis.It----B---------a)rains b)israining8) Bob------A-----------meat.Heisavegetarian.

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    a)doesnteat b)isnteat.E) Simplepresentorpresentcontinuous?

    YoucantseeTomnow.He(have)------ishaving--------abath.Heusually(speak)--------speaks--------soquicklythatI(notunderstand)------dontunderstand----him.How(youusuallygo)--------doyouusuallygo------towork?.He(work)--------isworking-----------atpresetinanoffice.Thebaby(cry)--------iscrying-----------Givehimsomefood.What(hedo)---------ishedoing------------?.He(repair)-----isrepairing--------hisbicycle.What(hedo)--------doesh