Noves polítiques educatives, nova professionalitat docent

Click here to load reader

download Noves polítiques educatives, nova professionalitat docent

of 40

  • date post

    25-Jun-2015
  • Category

    Education

  • view

    8.772
  • download

    2

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Noves polítiques educatives, nova professionalitat docent

  • 1. Noves poltiques educatives, nova professionalitat docent? Francesc Pedr Departament de desenvolupament docent i poltiques educatives UNESCO

2. 2 3. Demanar ms, donar ms Standards: competncies Pressi interna i externa Suport Context crisi 4. Continguts 1. El determinant: els aprenentatges dels alumnes 2. Un nou equilibri 3. Les tendncies 4. Com promoure el canvi 5. 5 6. El determinant 1. mfasi en els resultats, no en la provisi 2. Les poltiques basades en levidncia 3. Les avaluacions internacionals, ms rellevants que les prescripcions Tot i els seus lmits 7. El rol de lavaluaci externa Control directe amb supervisi Control indirecte: per avaluaci substituci 8. resultats efectes Poltiques pbliquesfamilia iguals escola 9. resultats efectes Poltiques pbliques Variables institucionals/regulatries resultatsresultats Variables contextuals efectesefectes famlia iguals escola 10. 10 223 270 212 126 108 103 77 65 Country - 10 -2 -7 1 -5 2 -8 -5 In any event, money does not guarantee success * Real expenditure, corrected for the Baumol effect using a price index of government goods and service ** Maths and Science Source: Pritchett (2004); Woessmann (2002); McKinsey New Zealand France Australia Italy Japan United Kingdom Germany Belgium Increase in real expenditure per student* (1970 1994) Increase in student achievement** (1970-1994) 11. 11 Nor does smaller class sizes Source National Centre for Education Statistics, NEAP, Hanushek (1998) Linear Index 0 10 20 30 40 70 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 Literacy (17 years) Literacy (13 years) Literacy (9 years) 2005 Spend per student ($ 2004) Student-to- teacher ratio 50 60 12. 12 Consistent quality of teaching is by far the most important factor driving performance and is missing in most systems * Among the top 20% of teachers ** Among the bottom 20% of teachers Source: Sanders & Rivers Cumulative and Residual Effects on Future Student Academic Achievement Student performance Student with low- performing teacher** 37th percentile Student with high- performing teacher* 90th percentile 50th percentile 0th percentile 100th percentile Age 8 Age 11 Two students with same performance 13. 13 14. Les qestions 1. Qu cal aprendre 2. Com: Condicions de la docncia Especificacions professionals Video 15. Condicions: ratios 16. Condicions: tamany 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Luxembourg Greece Iceland Italy Portugal Switzerland Denmark Mexico SlovakRepublic Belgium(Fr.) Hungary Poland Spain Catalunya CzechRepublic UnitedStates Germany Netherlands France UnitedKingdom Turkey Japan Korea Educacin primaria Educacin secundaria obligatoria 17. 18 18. Lautonomia 19440 460 480 500 520 540 560 PISA2003 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 estado A B D DK E F FIN GR IRL I NL P S 19. No Yes 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 No Yes 41 Exmens externs basats en estndars Autonomia escolar per a seleccionar els docents Resultats PISA en cincias Autonomia escolar, exmens externs i resultats escolars Autonomia escolar per a la selecci del professorat 20. Resultats en cincies (2006) 21 480 485 490 495 500 505 510 515 520 autnomo centralizado federal municipal Fuente : OCDE, 2008. La media de la OCDE se establece en 500 puntos. 21. Resultats en cincies controlant la despesa (2006) 22485 490 495 500 505 510 515 520 525 autnomo centralizado federal municipal 480 485 490 495 500 505 510 515 520 autnomo centralizado federal municipal 22. Sense oblidar lequitat 23 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 autnomo centralizado federal municipal OCDE Variacin entre centros en los resultados de cultura cientfica (2006) Variacin intra centros en los resultados de cultura cientfica (2006) 23. 24 24. Les qestions 1. Atraure 2. Formar 3. Avaluar 4. Donar suport 5. Motivar 25. Gent gran Percentage of principals aged over 50 26. Els salaris de la direcci escolar, 2003 Diferncia percentual entre salaris mxims docents I de direcci 27. 2 escales de lideratge Lideratge administratiu Lideratge instruccional: Ms gran col.laboraci entre docents Millors relacions docents-alumnat Ms reconeixement de les prctiques innovadores Avaluaci per al desenvolupament de competncies 28. La direcci escolar segons dues escales de lideratge (2008) Score on instructional leadership scale Scoreonadministrativeleadershipscale 29. 30 30. Les qestions 1. Atraure 2. Formar 3. Avaluar 4. Donar suport 5. Motivar 31. Caracterstiques dels docents Desenvolupament professional dels docents Creences, prctique s i actituds docents Avaluaci escolar i dels docents Lideratge Recursos i autonomia escolar Estatut scioeconmic dels alumnes Eficcia docent Clima daula ? 32. Docents que no van rebre cap tipus davaluaci ni feedback, ni cap mena davaluaci escolar 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Italy Spain Portugal Ireland Brazil Iceland Norway Austria Australia Belgium(Fl.) Malta Turkey Mexico Denmark Poland Korea Slovenia Hungary Estonia SlovakRepublic Lithuania Malaysia Bulgaria No appraisal or feedback No school evaluation % ountries are ranked in descending order of the percentage of teachers who have received no appraisal or feedback. ource: OECD. Table 5.1 and 5.3 33. Percepci que els docents tenen de limpacte de lavaluaci 80 60 40 20 0 20 40 60 80 M alaysiaBulgaria Poland Italy Slovak RepublicH ungary M exicoSlovenia TurkeyLithuania TA LIS A verage Estonia BrazilPortugalIceland M alta A ustria Korea SpainD enm arkA ustralia Ireland N orway Belgium (Fl.) Teachers who would receive increased monetary or non-monetary rewards if they improve the quality of their teaching Teachers who would receive increased monetary or non-monetary rewards if they are more innovative in their teaching Teachers whose school principal takes steps to alter the monetary rewards of a persistently underperforming teacher Teachers will be dismissed because of sustained poor performance in teacher's school % Countries are ranked in descending order of percentage of teachers reporting to receive increased monetary or non- monetary rewards for an improvement in the quality of their teaching. Source: OECD. Table 5.9. 34. Una nova professionalitat docent Tradici pobra en coneixement Exigncia de coneixement Prescripci nacional Judici professional Judici professional informat: docncia basada en levidncia Prescripci informada Judici allat, basat en lexperincia Imperatiu dactuaci 35. Rtio entre el salari docent desprs de 15 anys d'exercici i els ingressos mitjans dels treballadors a temps complet amb titulaci superior entre 25 i 64 anys d'edat 36. 37 37. Demanar ms, donar ms Suport feble Suport fort Baixa exigncia Exigncia ms gran Bons resultats Millora sistmica Resultats pobres Millores idiosincrtiques Conflicte Desmoralitzaci Resultats pobres Ofec 38. 39 39. Molt agrat [email protected] Ja disponible a: /francescpedro Ms a: @FrancescPedroED /francesc.pedroED